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See also: 𠀋 and
U+4E08, 丈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E08

[U+4E07]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E09]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十大 (JK), four-corner 50000)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 76, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11
  • Dae Jaweon: page 137, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 9, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E08

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
丈-bronze.svg 丈-seal.svg 丈-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*daŋʔ
*daŋʔ
*daŋʔ, *daŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (ten) +  (hand) – ten chi () is one zhang ().

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dâung - unit of measure;
  • diông/tiông - kinship term.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tiūⁿ/tiōⁿ/tiǔⁿ, tn̄g/tňg - vernacular;
    • tiōng/tiāng/tiǒng - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: deng6 / ziang6 / diên6 / dion6
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tṳ̆ng / tsiăng / tiĕⁿ / tiŏⁿ
      • IPA (key): /tɯŋ³⁵/, /t͡siaŋ³⁵/, /tĩẽ³⁵/, /tĩõ³⁵/
    Note:
    • deng6 - unit of measurement;
    • ziang6 - “to measure”;
    • diên6/dion6 - “gentleman”.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhàng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjangX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]raŋʔ/
    English ten feet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16836
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*daŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A unit of measurement.
      1. The zhang, a traditional Chinese unit of length equal to 10 chi ()
      2. The mainland zhang, a unit of length standardized in 1984 as 3 1/3 meters.
      3. The Taiwanese zhang, a unit of length standardized as 3 1/33 meters, identical to the Japanese .
      4. The Hong Kong jeuhng, standardized as 3.71475 meters.
    2. to survey (land); to measure
    3. gentleman; man; husband
        ―  zhàng  ―  husband

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (mainland zhang): 市丈 (shìzhàng)

    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Chinese (zhang)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana じょう, rōmaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

    1. , a traditional Japanese unit of length based on 10 shaku, standardized as equal to 3 1/33 meters.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    /take2/: [takye] → [take]. Cognate with (taka, height), 高い (takai, high), and 長ける (takeru, to be high).

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たけ, rōmaji take)

    1. height
      • 970-999, Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
        [...] いひ教ふる事もなくておほしたつるに、年にもあはず、たかく心かしこし。

    Particle[edit]

    (hiragana だけ, rōmaji dake)

    1. only, limit
      ローマ ()だけ () (しょ)
      Rōmaji dake no jisho.
      A rōmaji-only dictionary.
       ()たいだけ ()ていい。
      Netai dake nete ii.
      You can sleep as much as you want.
    Usage notes[edit]
    • The Kanji spelling is rarely used.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana じょう, rōmaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

    1. A male given name
    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
      • Name (hangeul): 어른 (revised: eoleun, McCune-Reischauer: ǒrǔn)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trượng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.