とも

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See also: ども and 𪜈

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Particle[edit]

とも (tomo

  1. : all, both
    ケーキは(ふた)とも()べた。
    Kēki wa futatsu tomo tabeta.
    I have eaten both of the cakes.
    二人(ふたり)とも()た。
    Futari tomo itta.
    Both of them went.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle[edit]

とも (tomo

  1. of course (as a particle used at the end of the sentence, which shows strong assertion)
    (かなら)ずやるとも
    Kanarazu yaru tomo.
    I will do it, I assure you.

Etymology 3[edit]

Particle[edit]

とも (to mo

  1. also with (see )
    (べつ)友達(ともだち)とも()た。
    Betsu no tomodachi to mo itta.
    I also went with a different friend as well.
  2. also (called, to be said, etc.; see )
    名義抄(みょうぎしょう)ともいう
    “Myōgishō” to mo iu.
    Also called the Myōgishō.
    「ふいんき」とも()ます。
    “Fuinki” to mo yomimasu.
    Also read as fuinki.
    主人公(しゅじんこう)とも()人物(じんぶつ)
    Shujinkō to mo ieru jinbutsu.
    A person whom one might say is the protagonist.
    (ふる)は「ラヂオ」とも表記(ひょうき)
    Furuku wa “rajio” to mo hyōki.
    Formerly also written as radzio.
    一説(いっせつ)には自殺(じさつ)とも
    Issetsu ni wa jisatsu to mo.
    Alternatively theorized to be a suicide.
  3. (literary) even if
    Synonym: ても (-te mo)
    明日(あす)()とも()いは()し。
    Asu wa naku to mo kui wa nashi.
    Even if tomorrow will not come, I have no regrets.
    明日(あす)()のうとも最後(さいご)まで(たたか)うのだ。
    Asu wa shinō to mo saigo made tatakau no da.
    Even if I die tomorrow, I will fight until the end.
See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spellings

Extension of and cognate with (tomo, same, together).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

とも (tomo

  1. friend, companion, comrade, pal
  2. member of the same category

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN