companion

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English companion, from Old French compaignon(companion) (modern French compagnon), from Late Latin compāniōn- (nominative singular compāniō, whence French copain), from com- +‎ pānis (literally, with + bread), a word first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a translation of a Germanic word, probably Frankish *galaibo, *gahlaibo(messmate, literally with-bread), from Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz(loaf, bread). Compare also Old High German galeipo(messmate), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐌰(gahlaiba, messmate), Old Armenian ընկեր(ənker, friend, literally messmate). More at co-, loaf.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kəmˈpænjən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: com‧pan‧ion

Noun[edit]

companion ‎(plural companions)

  1. A friend, acquaintance, or partner; someone with whom one spends time or keeps company
    His dog has been his trusted companion for the last five years.
    • Shakespeare
      Here are your sons again; and I must lose / Two of the sweetest companions in the world.
  2. (dated) A person employed to accompany or travel with another.
  3. (nautical) The framework on the quarterdeck of a sailing ship through which daylight entered the cabins below.
  4. (nautical) The covering of a hatchway on an upper deck which leads to the companionway; the stairs themselves.
  5. (topology) A knot in whose neighborhood another, specified knot meets every meridian disk.
  6. (figuratively) A thing or phenomenon that is closely associated with another thing, phenomenon, or person.
  7. (attributive) An appended source of media or information, designed to be used in conjunction with and to enhance the main material.
    The companion guide gives an in-depth analysis of this particular translation.
  8. (astronomy) A celestial object that is associated with another.
  9. A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders.
    a companion of the Bath
  10. (obsolete, derogatory) A fellow; a rogue.

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

companion ‎(third-person singular simple present companions, present participle companioning, simple past and past participle companioned)

  1. (obsolete) To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ruskin to this entry?)
  2. (obsolete) To qualify as a companion; to make equal.