товарищ

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See also: товариш

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic товарищь (tovariščĭ), from Proto-Slavic *tovariščь, from *tovarъ +‎ *-iščь.

Ultimately an early borrowing of Turkic origin, from Old Turkic [Term?] (merchant, businessman), from tavar (property, goods, trade, wealth) + ishchi (one who works), from ish (business, work), from Proto-Turkic *īĺč (work) (or, possibly instead -iš (friend)).[1][2] See modern Turkish işçi (worker).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tɐˈvarʲɪɕː]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

това́рищ (továriščm anim (genitive това́рища, nominative plural това́рищи, genitive plural това́рищей, feminine това́рка)

  1. comrade, friend (male or female)
  2. mate, companion, pal (male or female)
  3. colleague, assistant (male or female)
  4. classmate, fellow student (male or female)
  5. A word used to address compatriots, fellow citizens (male or female) in the Soviet era.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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