دوست

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Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دوست(dôst).

Noun[edit]

دوست (dost)

  1. friend

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دوست(dôst).

Noun[edit]

دوست (dostm (plural دوستان(dostân))

  1. (obsolete, unfashionable) friend
    Synonym: ملګری(mëlgëray)

Declension[edit]


References[edit]

  • Raverty, H. G. (1867), “دوست”, in A dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pus'hto, or language of the Afghans: with remarks on the originality of the language, and its affinity to other oriental tongues, London: Williams & Nortgate

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (dwst' /dōst/), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎢𐏁𐎫𐎠 (d-u-š-t-a /daušta/), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵews- (to taste, to try). Cognates with Sanskrit जुष्ट (juṣṭa), Avestan 𐬰𐬎𐬱𐬙𐬀(zušta), Latin gustus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دوست
Iranian Persian
Tajik дӯст (düst)

دوست (dôst) (plural دوستان(dôstân) or دوست‌ها(dôst-hâ))

  1. friend
    Synonym: جوره(jure)

Inflection[edit]

Possessive forms of دوست (dôst)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
دوستم
(dôstam)
دوستانم
(dôstấnam)
دوستام
(dôstấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
دوستت
(dôstat)
[Term?]
(dôstet)
دوستانت
(dôstấnat)
دوستات
(dôstất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
دوستش
(dôstaš)
[Term?]
(dôsteš)
دوستانش
(dôstấnaš)
دوستاش
(dôstấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
دوستمان
(dôstemân)
دوستمون
(dôstemun)
دوستانمان
(dôstấnemân)
دوستامون
(dôstấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
دوستتان
(dôstetân)
دوستتون
(dôstetun)
دوستانتان
(dôstấnetân)
دوستاتون
(dôstấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
دوستشان
(dôstešân)
دوستشون
(dôstešun)
دوستانشان
(dôstấnešân)
دوستاشون
(dôstấšun)
Colloquial.
Possessive forms of دوست (dôst)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
دوستم
(dôstam)
دوست‌هایم
(dôst-hấyam)
دوست‌هام، دوستام
(dôstấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
دوستت
(dôstat)
[Term?]
(dôstet)
دوست‌هایت
(dôst-hấyat)
دوست‌هات، دوستات
(dôstất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
دوستش
(dôstaš)
[Term?]
(dôsteš)
دوست‌هایش
(dôst-hấyaš)
دوست‌هاش، دوستاش
(dôstấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
دوستمان
(dôstemân)
دوستمون
(dôstemun)
دوست‌هایمان
(dôst-hấyemân)
دوست‌هامون، دوستامون
(dôstấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
دوستتان
(dôstetân)
دوستتون
(dôstetun)
دوست‌هایتان
(dôst-hấyetân)
دوست‌هاتون، دوستاتون
(dôstấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
دوستشان
(dôstešân)
دوستشون
(dôstešun)
دوست‌هایشان
(dôst-hấyešân)
دوست‌هاشون، دوستاشون
(dôstấšun)
Colloquial.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دوست(dôst).

Noun[edit]

دوست (dostm (Hindi spelling दोस्त)

  1. friend
    Synonyms: متر(mitra), میت(mīt)

Related terms[edit]


Uyghur[edit]

Other scripts
Perso-Arabic دوست‎‍
Latin dost
Cyrillic дост

Etymology[edit]

From Chagatai [Term?], from Classical Persian دوست(dōst), from Middle Persian [script needed] (dwst' /dōst/), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎢𐏁𐎫𐎠 (d-u-š-t-a /daušta/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دوست (dost) (plural دوستلار(dostlar))

  1. friend
    Synonyms: ئاداش(adash), ئاغىنە(aghine), ئۈلپەت(ülpet)
    دۈشمەننىڭ دۈشمىنى دوست.‎‎
    düshmenning düshmini dost.
    An enemy of an enemy is a friend.

Usage notes[edit]

دوست(dost) is the regular term for a friend, while ئاداش(adash) refers to close friends. However, ئاداش(adash) should be used to strangers to show politeness. ئاغىنە(aghine) is used for contemporaries, while ئۈلپەت(ülpet) refers to companions at work, or whom one is collaborating with.