Wiktionary:Urdu transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Urdu entries. The tables below show the conversion of text in the Urdu language alphabet for alphabet.

  • Needs to be updated.


No. Letter Name of letter Transcription IPA
1 ا‎, آ ʾalif ā, ', – /aː, ʔ/, ∅
2 ب be b /b/
3 پ pe p /p/
4 ت te t /t̪/
5 ٹ ṭe /ʈ/
6 ث se s /s/
7 ج jīm j /d͡ʒ/
8 چ ce c /t͡ʃ/
9 ح baṛī he h /h, ɦ/
10 خ xe x /x/
11 د dāl d /d̪/
12 ڈ ḍāl /ɖ/
13 ذ zāl z /z/
14 ر re r /r/
15 ڑ ṛe /ɽ/
16 ز zz z /z/
17 ژ že ž /ʒ/
18 س sīn s /s/
19 ش śīn ś /ʃ/
20 ص su'ād s /s/
21 ض zu'ād z /z/
22 ط to'e t /t/
23 ظ zo'e z /z/
24 ع ʿain ā, o, e, ', /aː, oː, eː, ʔ, ʕ/, Ø
25 غ ġain ġ /ɣ/
26 ف fe f /f/
27 ق qāf q /q/
28 ک kāf k /k/
29 گ gāf g /ɡ/
30 ل lām l /l/
31 م mīm m /m/
32 ن nūn n /n, ɲ, ɳ, ŋ/
33 ں nūn ġunna ◌̃ /◌̃/
34 و va'o v, u, o, au, ū /ʋ, ʊ, oː, ɔː, uː/
35 ـہ‎, ه chōṭī hē h /h, ɦ/
36 ھ do caśmī he /ʰ/ or /ʱ/
37 ء hamzā ', – /ʔ/, Ø
38 ی choṭī ye y, ī /j, iː/
39 ے baṛī ye ai, e /ɛː, eː/


Romanization Pronunciation Final Medial Initial
a /ə/
ā /aː/
i /ɪ/
ī /iː/
u /ʊ/
ū /uː/
e /eː/
ai /ɛː/
o /oː/
au /ɔː/

Short vowels[edit]

Vowel Name Transcription IPA
بَ zabar a /ə/
بِ zer i /ɪ/
بُ peś u /ʊ/