ل

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See also: J, ك‎, , and
Arabic Lam.gif
ل U+0644, ل
ARABIC LETTER LAM
ك
[U+0643]
Arabic م
[U+0645]
U+FEDD, ﻝ
ARABIC LETTER LAM ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEDC]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEDE]
U+FEDE, ﻞ
ARABIC LETTER LAM FINAL FORM

[U+FEDD]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEDF]
U+FEDF, ﻟ
ARABIC LETTER LAM INITIAL FORM

[U+FEDE]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEE0]
U+FEE0, ﻠ
ARABIC LETTER LAM MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEDF]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEE1]

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل / ل‍ / ‍ل‍ / ‍ل (lām)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ك (k) and followed by م (m).
See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

ل / ل‍ / ‍ل‍ / ‍ل (lām)

  1. The twelfth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ك (k) and followed by م (m).

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

لِـ (li-)

  1. to, for, belonging to.
Inflection[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لِـ (li-)

  1. to, in order to: followed by the subjunctive mood
    دَخَلْتُ ٱلْمَطْبَخَ لِأَشْرَبَ مَاءً.‎
    daḵaltu l-maṭbaḵa li-ʾašraba māʾan.
    I entered the kitchen to drink water.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

لَـ (la-)

  1. (intensifying particle) truly, verily, certainly, surely
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 29:41:
      وَإِنَّ أَوْهَنَ ٱلْبُيُوتِ لَبَيْتُ ٱلْعَنكَبُوتِ
      wa-ʾinna ʾawhana l-buyūti la-baytu l-ʿankabūti
      And indeed, the weakest of homes is the home of the spider,
Usage notes[edit]

Frequently used after إِنَّ (ʾinna).

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

لِ (li) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of وَلِيَ (waliya)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل (lām)

  1. The thirty-ninth and first lam letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ل ـل ـلـ لـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: گ
  • Next letter: ڵ

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
ل
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل / ل‍ / ‍ل‍ / ‍ل

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a merger of Arabic لِ (li, to, for) and إلَى (ʾilā, to, towards).

Preposition[edit]

ل (la)

  1. expresses the indirect object
    عم بكتب رساله لحبيبتي.‎
    ʿam biktib rsāli la-ḥabībti.
    I’m writing a letter to my girlfriend. / I’m writing my girlfriend a letter.
  2. to, towards
  3. for
  4. by; made by; pertaining to

Usage notes[edit]

  • The personal forms are built from the stem ʾill-: إلي (ʾilli, to me), إلك (ʾillak, to you), etc. More often than not, however, reduplicated forms from the stem laʾill- are used, thus لإلي (laʾilli), لإلك (laʾillak).
  • In many contexts, the personal forms are joined directly to the verb, then taking the form -ill- after consonant clusters, otherwise just -l-. For example: بيحلالي (byiḥlā-li, it appeals to me), بيحقلي (biḥiʾʾ-illi, it is due to me). This phenomenon is also the reason for the above reduplication because the simple forms are identical to suffixed verb forms of قال (ʾāl, to say, tell), such as قللي (ʾil-li, tell me).

Synonyms[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل (lâm)

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ل ـل ـلـ لـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: گ
  • Next letter: م

Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Letter[edit]

ﻝ / ﻟ / ﻠ / ﻞ (lâm)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by گ and followed by م. Its name is لام.

Sindhi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل (lām)

  1. The forty-sixth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ل ـل ـلـ لـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ڱ
  • Next letter: م

Urdu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل (lām)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Urdu abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ل ـل ـلـ لـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: گ
  • Next letter: م

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ل (le)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ل ـل ـلـ لـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ڭ (ng)
  • Next letter: م (m)