ء

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ۽‎, ٕ‎, ٔ, and ٴ
29-Hamza.svg
ء U+0621, ء
ARABIC LETTER HAMZA
ؠ
[U+0620]
Arabic آ
[U+0622]
U+FE80, ﺀ
ARABIC LETTER HAMZA ISOLATED FORM
ﹿ
[U+FE7F]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE81]

Arabic[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Most Arabic dialects early on lost the Proto-Semitic glottal stop, which caused compensatory lengthening of a preceding short vowel. At the beginning of the Islamic period only some of the most conservative lects preserved the consonant. Therefore it was not reflected in the spelling: One generally wrote and pronounced ذِيب(ḏīb, wolf), for example. The grammarians, however, favoured the conservative pronunciation and indicated the glottal stop with various diacritic marks, which ultimately led to the contemporary ذِئْب(ḏiʾb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ء or هَمْزَة (ʾ or hamza)

  1. Hamza (ء) is a sign in the Arabic script that represents the glottal stop /ʔ/. It can be considered a diacritic or a letter, but it is not counted among the 28 letters of the alphabet. The exact spelling of the glottal stop depends on the combination of vowels that follow and precede it. It may be written with آ/ʔaː/, أ/ʔa/, /aʔ/, /ʔu/, إ/ʔi/, ئ/ʔi/, /iʔ/, ؤ/ʔu/, /uʔ/, or, usually after a long vowel, ء‎.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The curious vowel-dependant spelling of ء means that the triptotic noun declension, which is normally not reflected in the spelling, may become visible before a pronominal suffix. Compare: أَصْدِقاؤُنَا (ʾaṣdiqāʾunā, our friends, nominative), أَصْدِقائِنَا (ʾaṣdiqāʾinā, genitive), أَصْدِقاءَنَا (ʾaṣdiqāʾanā, accusative).

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
ء
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [hamzah]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [(ʔ)], [ʔ]

Letter[edit]

ء

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ء (hamzeh)

  1. Hamzeh. Its name is همزه‎.

See also[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ء (hamzā)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Urdu alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form
ء

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ھ
  • Next letter: ی

See also[edit]