bal

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

bal

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Baluchi.

Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch bal, from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun[edit]

bal (plural balle, diminutive balletjie)

  1. A ball (spherical object, used as a toy).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch bal, from French bal.

Noun[edit]

bal (plural balle or bals)

  1. A ball (formal dance event).

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *bala, cognate to Lithuanian bãlas (white), Latvian bàls (pale) and Greek (Hes.) φαλός λευκός (falós lefkós).[1]

Noun[edit]

bal m (indefinite plural bala, definite singular bali, definite plural balat)

  1. dog or goat (with a white spot on the forehead)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 15

Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [bɑɫ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic бал
Perso-Arabic بال

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Declension[edit]

    Declension of bal
singular plural
nominative bal
ballar
definite accusative balı
balları
dative bala
ballara
locative balda
ballarda
ablative baldan
ballardan
definite genitive balın
balların
    Possessive forms of bal
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) balım ballarım
sənin (your) balın balların
onun (his/her/its) balı balları
bizim (our) balımız ballarımız
sizin (your) balınız ballarınız
onların (their) balı or balları balları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımı ballarımı
sənin (your) balını ballarını
onun (his/her/its) balını ballarını
bizim (our) balımızı ballarımızı
sizin (your) balınızı ballarınızı
onların (their) balını or ballarını ballarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) balıma ballarıma
sənin (your) balına ballarına
onun (his/her/its) balına ballarına
bizim (our) balımıza ballarımıza
sizin (your) balınıza ballarınıza
onların (their) balına or ballarına ballarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımda ballarımda
sənin (your) balında ballarında
onun (his/her/its) balında ballarında
bizim (our) balımızda ballarımızda
sizin (your) balınızda ballarınızda
onların (their) balında or ballarında ballarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımdan ballarımdan
sənin (your) balından ballarından
onun (his/her/its) balından ballarından
bizim (our) balımızdan ballarımızdan
sizin (your) balınızdan ballarınızdan
onların (their) balından or ballarından ballarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) balımın ballarımın
sənin (your) balının ballarının
onun (his/her/its) balının ballarının
bizim (our) balımızın ballarımızın
sizin (your) balınızın ballarınızın
onların (their) balının or ballarının ballarının

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. honey, mead
  2. ball, dance party

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bal

  1. second-person singular imperative of balit

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun[edit]

bal m (plural ballen, diminutive balletje n)

  1. a ball or any object with such a shape
  2. (informal) testicle, nut
  3. (sports) pass, shot
    Lekker balletje!Nice pass/shot!
  4. (informal, derogatory) toff, posh person
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bal
  • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
  • Caribbean Javanese: bal
  • Indonesian: bal
  • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
  • Saramaccan: balí
  • Sranan Tongo: bal

Etymology 2[edit]

From French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

Noun[edit]

bal n (plural bals, diminutive balletje n)

  1. ball, dance party
Descendants[edit]
  • Negerhollands: bal
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bal
  • ? Sranan Tongo: bal

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

bal

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ballen
  2. imperative of ballen

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French bal, deverbal of baller, from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal m (plural bals)

  1. dance party, ball

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

French bal (dance).

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. dance party, ball

Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English ball.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bâl f (plural bàlā̀bàlai)

  1. ball

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bal (not generally comparable, comparative balabb, superlative legbalabb)

  1. left
    bal kézleft hand
    a bal oldalonon the left side
    Antonym: jobb

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bal
accusative balt
dative balnak
instrumental ballal
causal-final balért
translative ballá
terminative balig
essive-formal balként
essive-modal
inessive balban
superessive balon
adessive balnál
illative balba
sublative balra
allative balhoz
elative balból
delative balról
ablative baltól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
balé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
baléi

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bal in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bal in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch bal (ball), from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

Noun[edit]

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. (colloquial) ball, a solid or hollow sphere, or roughly spherical mass.
    Synonym: bola

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch baal, from Middle Dutch bale, from Old French bale.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

Noun[edit]

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. bale, a rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation.
  2. A closed bag or package of wares.
    Synonyms: bandela, karung

Further reading[edit]


Limburgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bol, ból, baol (some dialects, mainly in West-Limburg, sense 1, 2, and 3)
  • baal

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɑ(ː)l/, [bɑ(ː)˨l], [bɑ(ː)˦l]
  • IPA(key): (Tungers) [bɑ̃l]

Noun[edit]

bal m (plural balle or bel, diminutive belke or belsje)

  1. (most dialects) ball (round or roundish object, most commonly used in games)
  2. (most dialects, informal) testicle, nut
  3. (most dialects, anatomy) ball (of the hand or foot)
  4. (most dialects, chiefly in the negative) anything
    Heer snap dao geinen bal vaanaof. (Maastrichtian)
    He doesn't understand anything.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German balde, from Old High German baldo, adverb of bald, from Proto-Germanic *balþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-. Cognate with German bald, Dutch boud, English bold.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bal

  1. nearly, almost
  2. soon

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun[edit]

bal m

  1. ball (round object), sphere
  2. something worthless

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: bal
    • Afrikaans: bal
    • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
    • Caribbean Javanese: bal
    • Indonesian: bal
    • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
    • Saramaccan: balí
    • Sranan Tongo: bal
  • Limburgish: bal
  • West Flemish: bol

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old English *beall, from Proto-West Germanic *ballu, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal (plural balles)

  1. A ball (an object of spherical shape)
  2. A rounded or spherical lump or bump, especially in medical terminology; a boil.
  3. A ball used in sports or other entertainment.
  4. The eyeball; the eye viewed as a spherical object.
  5. A sport with a ball as a key component of play.
  6. One's head (top part of one's body)
  7. A projectile resembling a ball in form
  8. (rare) A node of muscles supporting the fingers or toes.
  9. (rare) A ball-shaped container or box.
  10. (rare, vulgar) One's testes (compare to the much more frequent Modern English sense)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


North Wahgi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. fish

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the verb bala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal n (definite singular balet, uncountable)

  1. bother, fuss, trouble (annoying, difficult or stressful activity)
    Det blir berre bal om me prøvar å gjera det no.
    It will only cause bother if we try to do that now.

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French bal, from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

Noun[edit]

bal m inan (diminutive balik)

  1. ball (a formal dance)
    Hypernyms: see Thesaurus:impreza
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns
adjective
adverb
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from German Balken or Baal.

Noun[edit]

bal m inan

  1. log (a large cut piece of wood)
    Synonyms: dyl, kloc
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Middle High German balle.

Noun[edit]

bal m inan

  1. bale (a rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation, ten reams)
    Synonyms: balot, bela
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romagnol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin ballāre (dance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal m (plural bël)

  1. dance

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀮 (vāla), from Sanskrit वाल (vāla). Cognate with Hindi बाल (bāl), Punjabi ਵਾਲ (vāl, hair).

Noun[edit]

bal m (nominative plural bala)

  1. a single hair
  2. (in the plural) hair
    2002 July 1, Milena Hübschmannová, “Origin of Roma”, in ROMBASE Cultural Database[2], archived from the original on 2014-10-27:
    mire bala kale hin
    My hair is black

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: baalo

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “vāˊla”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 675
  • Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “bal”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 18
  • Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[3], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 40
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o bal, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, pages 71-72

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bal

Noun[edit]

bal n (plural baluri)

  1. ball (party)

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

Noun[edit]

bal m (plural bals)

  1. ball (formal dance)

San Juan Guelavía Zapotec[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Zapotec *kwella(k).

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. fire

References[edit]

  • López Antonio, Joaquín; Jones, Ted; Jones, Kris (2012) Vocabulario breve del Zapoteco de San Juan Guelavía[4] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Tlalpan, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 13, 25

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal m (Cyrillic spelling бал)

  1. ball (dance)

Southern Kam[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. fish

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bal

  1. Romanization of 𒁄 (bal)

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal c

  1. bale, bundle (big packet of things)
  2. Formal gathering for dance, ball

Declension[edit]

Declension of bal 1
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen balar balarna
Genitive bals balens balars balarnas
Declension of bal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen baler balerna
Genitive bals balens balers balernas

Related terms[edit]

bale
ball

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. honey

Tübatulabal[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. Alternative spelling of pa·l

References[edit]

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بال‎, from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative bal
Definite accusative balı
Singular Plural
Nominative bal ballar
Definite accusative balı balları
Dative bala ballara
Locative balda ballarda
Ablative baldan ballardan
Genitive balın balların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular balım ballarım
2nd singular balın balların
3rd singular balı balları
1st plural balımız ballarımız
2nd plural balınız ballarınız
3rd plural balları balları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımı ballarımı
2nd singular balını ballarını
3rd singular balını ballarını
1st plural balımızı ballarımızı
2nd plural balınızı ballarınızı
3rd plural ballarını ballarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular balıma ballarıma
2nd singular balına ballarına
3rd singular balına ballarına
1st plural balımıza ballarımıza
2nd plural balınıza ballarınıza
3rd plural ballarına ballarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımda ballarımda
2nd singular balında ballarında
3rd singular balında ballarında
1st plural balımızda ballarımızda
2nd plural balınızda ballarınızda
3rd plural ballarında ballarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımdan ballarımdan
2nd singular balından ballarından
3rd singular balından ballarından
1st plural balımızdan ballarımızdan
2nd plural balınızdan ballarınızdan
3rd plural ballarından ballarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular balımın ballarımın
2nd singular balının ballarının
3rd singular balının ballarının
1st plural balımızın ballarımızın
2nd plural balınızın ballarınızın
3rd plural ballarının ballarının

Derived terms[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Noun[edit]

bal (definite accusative baly, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Volapük[edit]

Volapük cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bal
    Ordinal : balid
    Adverbial : balna

Numeral[edit]

bal

  1. one

Derived terms[edit]


Wolof[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal (definite form bal bi)

  1. ball

References[edit]

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN


Zaniza Zapotec[edit]

Noun[edit]

bal

  1. fish