بال

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Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Found in dictionaries as if from the root ب و ل (b-w-l), but actually not relatable to any root. It is explained as reanalysis of بَاءَ لِي (bāʔa lī, it has come upon me); predating Arabic literature by a millennium at least since there is Biblical Aramaic בָּל (bāl, mind, heed).

Noun[edit]

بَال (bālm

  1. mind, state
  2. attention, mindfulness, heed
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ب و ل (b-w-l) related to urine.

Verb[edit]

بَالَ (bāla) I, non-past يَبُولُ‎ (yabūlu)

  1. to urinate
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: biel

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

بَالِ (bāli) (form III)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of بَالَى (bālā)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cowan, W. (1960). Arabic evidence for Proto-Semitic*/awa/and*/ō. Language, 60-62.
  • bl”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Bauer, Hans (1935) “Etymologica I”, in Zeitschrift für Semitistik und verwandte Gebiete (in German), volume 10, page 1
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “بال”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 174
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “بال”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 180
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “بال”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “بال”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 124

Chagatai[edit]

بال

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Karakhanid بال (bal), from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey). Cognate with Azerbaijani bal, Bashkir бал (bal), Chuvash пыл (pyl), Kazakh бал (bal), Kyrgyz бал (bal), Ottoman Turkish بال (bal), and Turkmen bal.

Noun[edit]

بال (bal)

  1. honey
    Synonym: عسل (asal)
  2. mead

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Urdu بال (bāl), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀮 (vāla), from Sanskrit वाल (vāla).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm (Standard Gujarati બાલ) (Lisan ud-Dawat)

  1. hair
    Synonym: વાળ (vāḷ) (Standard Gujarati)

Khalaj[edit]

Noun[edit]

بال (bâl) (definite accusative بالؽ, plural باللار)

  1. Arabic spelling of bâl (wing)

Declension[edit]

Kohistani Shina[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Shina بال (bál), Sanskrit बाल (bāla).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /báːl/

Noun[edit]

باٗل (baálm

  1. child

Kundal Shahi[edit]

Noun[edit]

بال (báal)

  1. hair

References[edit]

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːl/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
ب و ل
2 terms

From Arabic بَالَ (bāla).

Verb[edit]

بال (bāl) I (non-past يبول (ybūl))

  1. to urinate
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of بال
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m بلت (bult) بلتي (bulti) بال (bāl) بلنا (bulna) بلتوا (bultu) بالوا (bālu)
f بالت (bālet)
non-past m نبول (nbūl) تبول (tbūl) يبول (ybūl) نبولوا (nbūlu) تبولوا (tbūlu) يبولوا (ybūlu)
f تبولي (tbūli) تبول (tbūl)
imperative m بول (būl) بولوا (būlu)
f بولي (būli)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic بَال (bāl).

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm

  1. mind, state
Related terms[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

بال

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey); cognate with Azerbaijani bal, Bashkir бал (bal), Chuvash пыл (pyl), Kazakh бал (bal), Kyrgyz бал (bal), Turkmen bal, Uyghur بال (bal) and Uzbek bol.

Noun[edit]

بال (bal)

  1. honey, a viscous, sweet fluid produced from plant nectar by bees
    Synonyms: انگبین (engübin), عسل (asel)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بَال (bāl, attention, heed).

Noun[edit]

بال (bâl)

  1. condition, status, a particular state of being in a specific moment
  2. attention, care, heed, regard, concern for someone or something
    Synonym: دقت (dikkat)

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Persian بال (bâl, wing).

Noun[edit]

بال (bâl)

  1. (poetic) wing, the appendage of an animal's body that enables it to fly
    Synonym: قنات (kanat)

Further reading[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian b’lk’ (bālag, wing).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? bāl
Dari reading? bāl
Iranian reading? bâl
Tajik reading? bol

Noun[edit]

Dari بال
Iranian Persian
Tajik бол

بال (bâl)

  1. wing

Descendants[edit]

Shina[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit बाल (bāla).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بال (baálm

  1. boy, child

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ب و ل
2 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بَال (bāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm

  1. mind
    طوّل بالك.
    ṭawwel bālak
    Be patient.
    (literally, “Lengthen your mind.”)
    (file)
    دير بالك.
    dīr bālak
    Be careful.
    (literally, “Direct your mind.”)
    (file)
    دير بالك على إمّك.
    dīr bālak ʕala ʕimmak
    Take care of your mother.

Derived terms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀮 (vāla), from Sanskrit वाल (vāla).

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm (Hindi spelling बाल)

  1. hair
Descendants[edit]
  • Lisan ud-Dawat Gujarati: بال (bāl)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit बाल (bāla).

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm (Hindi spelling बाल)

  1. (chiefly in compounds) child
    Synonym: بچہ (baccā)
  2. young boy
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian بال (bāl), from Middle Persian b’lk’ (bālag, wing).

Noun[edit]

بال (bālm (Hindi spelling बाल)

  1. feather
  2. wing