دار

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See also: ـدار and داز

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
د ر ر(d-r-r)

Derived from the active participle of the verb ⁧دَرَّ(darra, to flow copiously).

Adjective[edit]

دَارّ (dārr) (feminineدَارَّة(dārra), masculine pluralدَارُّونَ(dārrūna), feminine pluralدَارَّات(dārrāt))

  1. flowing copiously
  2. productive, rich, lucrative
  3. profitable
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
د و ر(d-w-r)

The noun originally referred to the buildings surrounding a court. Cognate with Akkadian 𒂦 (dūrum, city wall) and Biblical Hebrewדּוּר(dûr, to move in a circle), ⁧דָּר(dār, to dwell) and ⁧דּוֹר(dôr, habitation).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /daːr/

Verb[edit]

دَارَ (dāra) I, non-pastيَدُورُ⁩‎ (yadūru)

  1. to turn, to revolve, to rotate
    تَدُورُ ٱلْأَرْضُ حَوْلَ ٱلشَّمْسِ.
    tadūru l-ʔarḍu ḥawla š-šamsi.
    The Earth revolves around the Sun.
  2. to go around, to circulate
  3. to go around, to move around
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَار (dārf (pluralدُور(dūr) orدِيَار(diyār) orدِيَارَات(diyārāt) orدِيَرَة(diyara))

  1. house
  2. building, structure, edifice
  3. land, country
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “دار”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 470–471
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “دار”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 69
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “دار”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, pages 930
  • Shapira, Dan D. Y. (2009), “Irano-Arabica: contamination and popular etymology. Notes on the Persian and Arabic lexicons (with references to Aramaic, Hebrew and Turkic)”, in Христианский Восток – Новая Серия, volume 5 (XI), Moscow: Издательство Российской Академии Наук и Государственного Эрмитажа, page 172, with the exaggerated claim of ⁧دَار(dār, house) being an Aramaic loan-word
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “دار”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, pages 343–344

Bakhtiari[edit]

Bakhtiari Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia bqi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian dār,[1] from Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎽𐎢𐎺 (d-a-ru-u-v /⁠dāruv⁠/), from Proto-Iranian *dā́ru. Cognate with Persianدار⁩, Lakiدار(dar), Central Kurdishدار(dar), Northern Kurdish dar, Tat dar, Talysh do, Mazanderaniدار⁩, Baluchiدار⁩.

Noun[edit]

دار⁩ (daar)

  1. tree

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mackenzie, D.N. (1986). A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary.

Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *dā́ru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dāru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Noun[edit]

دار (dár)

  1. wood
  2. stick

Central Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *dā́ru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dāru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Noun[edit]

دار⁩ (dar)

  1. tree
  2. wood (substance, timber)
  3. stick, staff, rod

Mazanderani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *dā́ru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dāru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Noun[edit]

دار⁩ (dâr)

  1. tree

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicأَدَارَ(ʔadāra, to manage, to operate).

Verb[edit]

دار (dār) I (non-pastيدير(ydīr))

  1. to do
    Synonym:عمل(ʕmal)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧دار
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m درت(dart) درتي(darti) دار(dār) درنا(darna) درتوا(dartu) داروا(dāru)
f دارت(dāret)
non-past m ندير(ndīr) تدير(tdīr) يدير(ydīr) نديروا(ndīru) تديروا(tdīru) يديروا(ydīru)
f تديري(tdīri) تدير(tdīr)
imperative m دير(dīr) ديروا(dīru)
f ديري(dīri)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicدَارَ(dāra).

Verb[edit]

دار (dār) I (non-pastيدور(ydūr))

  1. to turn
  2. to go around
  3. to rotate
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧دار
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m درت(durt) درتي(durti) دار(dār) درنا(durna) درتوا(durtu) داروا(dāru)
f دارت(dāret)
non-past m ندور(ndūr) تدور(tdūr) يدور(ydūr) ندوروا(ndūru) تدوروا(tdūru) يدوروا(ydūru)
f تدوري(tdūri) تدور(tdūr)
imperative m دور(dūr) دوروا(dūru)
f دوري(dūri)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabicدَار(dār).

Noun[edit]

دار (dārf (pluralديور(dyūr) orديورة(dyūra), diminutiveدويرة(dwīra))

  1. house
  2. family, folks
    قلت للدار باللي ما جايش للمغرب هاد راس العام.
    qult l-ed-dār belli ma jāyši l-el-maḡrib hād rās el-ʕām
    I told my family I won't be coming to Morocco at the end of the year.

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicدار(dār, house).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دار (dārm

  1. living-room
    تفضل، قاعدين سوا بالدار.
    tfaḍḍal, ʾāʿdīn sawa bi-d-dār
    Come in, we’re all sitting in the living-room.

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
دار
Wikipedia fa

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? dār
Dari reading? dār
Iranian reading? dâr
Tajik reading? dor

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (dʾl, tree, gallows; wood), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎽𐎢𐎺 (d-a-ru-u-v /⁠dāruv⁠/), from Proto-Iranian *dā́ru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dāru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Noun[edit]

Dari دار
Iranian Persian
Tajik дор

دار (dâr)

  1. tree
  2. gallows
  3. wood
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “dār”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 24

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

Dari دار
Iranian Persian
Tajik дор

دار (dâr)

  1. present stem of داشتن(dâštan, to have)

Suffix[edit]

Dari ـدار
Iranian Persian
Tajik -дор

ـدار (-dâr)

  1. a suffix indicating ownership in compound words
    ‎⁧پول(pul, money) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧پولدار(puldâr, rich)
    ‎⁧حساب(hesâb, account) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧حسابدار(hesâbdâr, accountant)
    ‎⁧دل(del, heart) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧دلدار(deldâr, beloved)
    ‎⁧سر(sar, head) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧سردار(sardâr, military commander)
    ‎⁧شهر(šahr, city) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧شهردار(šahrdâr, mayor)
    ‎⁧صندوق(sanduq, box) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧صندوقدار(sanduqdâr, treasurer)
    ‎⁧کتاب(ketâb, book) + ‎⁧ـدار⁩ → ‎⁧کتابدار(ketâbdâr, librarian)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: -dar
  • Bengali: -দার (-dar)
  • Chagatai: ⁧ـدار
  • Hindustani:
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧ـدار
  • Turkmen: -dar

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicدَار(dār).

Noun[edit]

Dari دار
Iranian Persian
Tajik дор

دار (dâr)

  1. house
  2. seat

Further reading[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
د و ر
6 terms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /daːr/, [dɑːr]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicدَارَ(dāra).

Verb[edit]

دار (dār) I (presentبدور(bidūr), active participleداير(dāyer))

  1. (intransitive) to revolve, to turn
  2. to roam, to travel around, to wander about
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧دار(dār)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m درت⁩ (durt) درت⁩ (durt) دار⁩ (dār) درنا⁩ (durna) درتو⁩ (durtu) دارو⁩ (dāru)
f درتي⁩ (durti) دارت⁩ (dārat)
present m بدور⁩ (badūr) بتدور⁩ (bitdūr) بدور⁩ (bidūr) مندور⁩ (mindūr) بتدورو⁩ (bitdūru) بيدورو⁩ (bidūru)
f بتدوري⁩ (bitdūri) بتدور⁩ (bitdūr)
subjunctive m ادور⁩ (adūr) تدور⁩ (tdūr) يدور⁩ (ydūr) ندور⁩ (ndūr) تدورو⁩ (tdūru) يدورو⁩ (ydūru)
f تدوري⁩ (tdūri) تدور⁩ (tdūr)
imperative m دور⁩ (dūr) دورو⁩ (dūru)
f دوري⁩ (dūri)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicأَدَارَ(ʔadāra).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

دار (dār) I (presentبدير(bidīr))

  1. (transitive) to turn, to direct (toward)
  2. to administer, to manage, to run
  3. to pour out
    ديرلي شاي!
    dīr-li šay
    Pour me out some tea!
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧دار(dār)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m درت⁩ (dirt) درت⁩ (dirt) دار⁩ (dār) درنا⁩ (dirna) درتو⁩ (dirtu) دارو⁩ (dāru)
f درتي⁩ (dirti) دارت⁩ (dārat)
present m بدير⁩ (badīr) بتدير⁩ (bitdīr) بدير⁩ (bidīr) مندير⁩ (mindīr) بتديرو⁩ (bitdīru) بديرو⁩ (bidīru)
f بتديري⁩ (bitdīri) بتدير⁩ (bitdīr)
subjunctive m ادير⁩ (adīr) تدير⁩ (tdīr) يدير⁩ (ydīr) ندير⁩ (ndīr) تديرو⁩ (tdīru) يديرو⁩ (ydīru)
f تديري⁩ (tdīri) تدير⁩ (tdīr)
imperative m دير⁩ (dīr) ديرو⁩ (dīru)
f ديري⁩ (dīri)
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabicدَار(dār).

Noun[edit]

دار (dārf (pluralدور(dūr))

  1. house, home
    Synonym:بيت(bēt)

Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianـدار(-dār).

Suffix[edit]

دار (dār) (Hindi spelling -दार)

  1. having, possessing, holding
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianدار(dār).

Noun[edit]

دار (dārm (Hindi spelling दार)

  1. wood
  2. gallows
Declension[edit]
Declension of ⁧دار
singular plural
direct دار(dār) دار(dār)
oblique دار(dār) داروں(dārō̃)
vocative دار(dār) دارو(dārō)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicدَار(dār).

Noun[edit]

دار (dārm (Hindi spelling दार)

  1. house
  2. seat
Declension[edit]
Declension of ⁧دار
singular plural
direct دار(dār) دار(dār)
oblique دار(dār) داروں(dārō̃)
vocative دار(dār) دارو(dārō)

References[edit]

  • دار”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “دار”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • دار”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.

Ushojo[edit]

Noun[edit]

دار⁩ (dār)

  1. a sloping place on a mountain