ي

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Character ي
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER YEH
Unicode block Arabic
Codepoint U+064A
See also: ى and ی

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /jaːʔ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /j/, /iː/ (in Literary Arabic)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /j/, /i(ː)/, /eː/ (in Arabic dialects and loanwords)

Letter[edit]

ي / ي‍ـ‍ / ‍ـي‍ـ / ـي ‎(yāʾ)

  1. The twenty-eighth and final letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by و ‎(w).

Usage notes[edit]

  • After "kasra" it is pronounced as a long ī IPA(key): /iː/ or y IPA(key): /j/ after fatḥa, ḍamma and before other vowels.
  • In the final position alif maqṣūra (ألف مقصورَة, 'restricted alif') is always written without dots (ـى). alif maqṣūra always follows a fatḥa and is transliterated as ā, see ى for its pronunciation. It is also called alif layyina (ألف لينَة, 'flexible alif')
  • In Egypt and Sudan, the final yāʾ is written without dots and is visually identical to alif maqṣūra.

Numeral symbol[edit]

ي / ي‍ـ‍ / ‍ـي‍ـ / ـي ‎(yāʾ)

  1. The tenth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ط ‎() and followed by ك ‎(k).

Suffix[edit]

ِـِي or ـيَ ‎( or -ya) (enclitic form of أَنَا ‎(ʾanā))

  1. me, my (bound object pronoun)
    لي (lī) — to me

Usage notes[edit]

أَنَا ‎(ʾanā) has three enclitic forms which are employed in different contexts and are generally not interchangeable. The enclitic form ـنِي ‎(-nī) is attached to verbs, prepositions ending in نْ ‎(n) with no final vowel (e.g., مِنْ ‎(min) and عَنْ ‎(ʿan)), and the sisters of إِنَّ ‎(ʾinna) except لَعَلَّ ‎(laʿalla). The form ـِي ‎() is used elsewhere, but in cases where ـِي ‎() would be preceded by a long vowel, ـيَ ‎(-ya) is used instead.

Suffix[edit]

ـِيّ ‎(-iyy)

  1. nisba suffix, extremely productive suffix used to derive adjectives (with the meaning "related to ...") or nouns (with the meaning "person related to ...") from other nouns (cf. فَنِّيّ ‎(fanniyy, artistic, artist) derived from فَنّ ‎(fann, art), عِرَاقِيّ ‎(ʿirāqiyy, Iraqi, an Iraqi) derived from عِرَاق ‎(ʿirāq, Iraq))

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [jɐ]
  • (Phoneme, Consonant) IPA(key): [j]
  • (Phoneme, Vowel) IPA(key): [i], [e], [ɛ]
  • (Phoneme, Vowel, Closed ultima, Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): [e], [ɛ]

Letter[edit]

ي / ي‍ـ / ‍ـي‍ـ / ـي

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈklaka je/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /j/, /i/

Letter[edit]

ي ‎(klaka ye)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ي ـي ـيـ يـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ۀ
  • Next letter: ې

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ي ‎(ye)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ي ـي ـيـ يـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ئى ‎(i)