هم

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See also: ہم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

هُمْ (humm pl (enclitic form ـهُم (-hum) or ـهِم (-him))

  1. they (masculine plural subject pronoun)
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـهُمْ or ـهِمْ (-hum or -himm pl (enclitic form of هُم (hum))

  1. them, their (masculine plural bound object pronoun)

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ه م م (h-m-m).

Verb[edit]

هَمَّ (hamma) I, non-past يَهُمُّ‎ (yahummu)

  1. to disquiet, to make uneasy, to distress
  2. to grieve
  3. to preoccupy, to concern, to affect
  4. to be of interest
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From the root ه م م (h-m-m).

Noun[edit]

هَمّ (hammm (plural هُمُوم (humūm))

  1. verbal noun of هَمَّ (hamma) (form I)
  2. anxiety, concern, worry, care
  3. sorrow, grief, affliction, distress
  4. weight, moment, importance
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From the root ه م م (h-m-m).

Adjective[edit]

هِمّ (himm) (feminine هِمَّة (himma), masculine plural أَهْمَام (ʾahmām), feminine plural هَمَائِم (hamāʾim) or هِمَّات (himmāt))

  1. decrepit, senile
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Noun[edit]

هِمّ (himmm (plural أَهْمَام (ʾahmām), feminine هِمَّة (himma))

  1. old man
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “هم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 406
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “هم”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1442
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “هم”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 1181
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (2011), “هم”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 1355–1356

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

هم (hummpl

  1. they

Suffix[edit]

ـهم (-humpl

  1. them, their

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic هُمْ (hum)

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

هُمَّ (hummapl

  1. they

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـهُم (-humpl

  1. them, their

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic هَمّ (hamm); from the root ه م م (h-m-m); "to be concerned" or "to worry".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

هَمّ (hammm (plural هُمُوم ‎(humūm) or أهْمَام ‎(ʼahmām))

  1. worry

Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ـم (-am) (colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian hm (ham, also, same), from Old Persian 𐏃𐎶 (ham(a), same, together), from Proto-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *somHós (same) (compare English same).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

هم (ham)

  1. also, too
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.‎
    Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad. (formal)
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آد.‎
    Az in ketâb am xošam mi-âd. (colloquial)
    I like this book, also.
  2. similarly

Usage notes[edit]

هم (ham) directly follows the word or phrase it modifies.

از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.‎
Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad.
I like this book, also. (In addition to another book that I like, I like this one.)
من هم از این کتاب خوشم می‌آید.‎
Man ham az in ketâb xošam mi-âyad.
I also like this book. (In addition to someone else who likes this book, I do.)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Bashkir: һәм (häm, and).

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “ham”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 39

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـهُمْ (-humpl

  1. them, their