هم

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ہم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

هُمْ (humm pl (enclitic form ـهُم (-hum) or ـهِم (-him))

  1. they (masculine plural subject pronoun)
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـهُمْ or ـهِمْ (-hum or -himm pl (enclitic form of هُم (hum))

  1. them, their (masculine plural bound object pronoun)

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

هَمَّ (hamma) I, non-past يَهُمُّ‎ (yahummu)

  1. to disquiet, to make uneasy, to distress
  2. to grieve
  3. to preoccupy, to concern, to affect
  4. to be of interest
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

هَمّ (hammm (plural هُمُوم (humūm))

  1. verbal noun of هَمَّ (hamma) (form I)
  2. anxiety, concern, worry, care
  3. sorrow, grief, affliction, distress
  4. weight, moment, importance
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Adjective[edit]

هِمّ (himm) (feminine هِمَّة (himma), masculine plural أَهْمَام (ʾahmām), feminine plural هَمَائِم (hamāʾim) or هِمَّات (himmāt))

  1. decrepit, senile
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4

Noun[edit]

هِمّ (himmm (plural أَهْمَام (ʾahmām), feminine هِمَّة (himma))

  1. old man
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

هم (hummpl

  1. they

Suffix[edit]

ـهم (-humpl

  1. them, their

Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ـم (-am) (colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian hm (ham, also, same), from Old Persian 𐏃𐎶 (ham(a), same, together), from Proto-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *somHós (same) (compare English same).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

هم (ham)

  1. also, too
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.
    Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad. (formal)
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آد.
    Az in ketâb am xošam mi-âd. (colloquial)
    I like this book, also.
  2. similarly

Usage notes[edit]

هم (ham) directly follows the word or phrase it modifies.

از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.
Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad.
I like this book, also. (In addition to another book that I like, I like this one.)
من هم از این کتاب خوشم می‌آید.
Man ham az in ketâb xošam mi-âyad.
I also like this book. (In addition to someone else who likes this book, I do.)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Bashkir: һәм (häm, and).

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “ham”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 39

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـهُمْ (-humpl

  1. them, their