both

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bothe, boþe, from Old English þā (both the; both those) and Old Norse báðir, from Proto-Germanic *bai-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian bee (both), West Frisian beide (both), Dutch beide (both), German beide (both), Swedish både, båda, Danish både, Norwegian både, Icelandic báðir. Replaced Middle English from a form of Old English bēġen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

both

  1. Each of the two; one and the other; referring to two individuals or items.
    "Did you want this one or that one?" — "Give me both."
    Both children are such dolls.
    • Bible, Genesis xxi. 27
      Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Viscount Bolingbroke
      He will not bear the loss of his rank, because he can bear the loss of his estate; but he will bear both, because he is prepared for both.
  2. Each of the two kinds; one and the other kind; referring to several individuals or items which are divided into two groups.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

both

  1. Including both of (used with and).
    Both you and I are students.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, →ISBN:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. There was a great deal of them, lavish both in material and in workmanship.
  2. (obsolete) Including all of (used with and).
    • (Can we date this quote?) Oliver Goldsmith
      Both mongrel, puppy, whelp, and hound.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Samuel Taylor Coleridge
      He prayeth well who loveth well both man and bird and beast.
    • 1892, Richard Congreve, Essays Political, Social, and Religious (volume 2, page 615)
      [] as he appreciates its beauty and its rich gifts, as he regards it with venerant love, fed by both his intellectual powers, his contemplation, and his meditation.

Translations[edit]

Quotations[edit]

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish both (hut, bothy, cot; cabin), from Proto-Celtic *butā (compare Middle Welsh bot (dwelling)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be). Related to English booth.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

both f (genitive singular botha, nominative plural bothanna or botha)

  1. Booth, hut.

Declension[edit]

Alternative declension

Derived terms[edit]

  • bothach (hutted, full of huts, adjective)
  • bothán m (shanty, cabin; hut, shed, coop)
  • bothchampa m (hutment)
  • bothóg f (shanty, cabin)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
both bhoth mboth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse búð.

Noun[edit]

both (plural boths)

  1. Alternative form of bothe (booth)

Etymology 2[edit]

Old English bā þā; influenced by Old Norse báðir.

Determiner[edit]

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

Conjunction[edit]

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

both

  1. preterite passive conjunct of at·tá