both

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bothe, boþe, from Old English bā þā (both the; both those) and Old Norse báðir, from Proto-Germanic *bai-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian bee (both), West Frisian beide (both), Dutch beide (both), German beide (both), Swedish både, båda, Danish både, Icelandic báðir. Replaced Middle English from Old English , , and beġen, also from Proto-Germanic *bai-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

both

  1. Each of the two; one and the other; referring to two individuals or items.
    "Did you want this one or that one?" — "Give me both."
    Both children are such dolls.
    • Bible, Genesis xxi. 27
      Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.
    • Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751)
      He will not bear the loss of his rank, because he can bear the loss of his estate; but he will bear both, because he is prepared for both.
  2. Each of the two kinds; one and the other kind; referring to several individuals or items which are divided into two groups.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.

Translations[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

both

  1. Including both of (used with and).
    Both you and I are students.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, →ISBN:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. There was a great deal of them, lavish both in material and in workmanship.
  2. (obsolete) Including all of (used with and).

Translations[edit]

Quotations[edit]

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish both (hut, bothy, cot; cabin), from Proto-Celtic *butā (compare Middle Welsh bot (dwelling)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

both f (genitive singular botha, nominative plural bothanna or botha)

  1. Booth, hut.

Declension[edit]

Alternative declension

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
both bhoth mboth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "both" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “both” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
  • 2 both” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse búð.

Noun[edit]

  1. Alternative form of bothe (booth)

Etymology 2[edit]

Old English bā þā; influenced by Old Norse báðir.

Determiner[edit]

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

Conjunction[edit]

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

both

  1. preterite passive conjunct of at·tá