abu

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Abu, ABU, abù, abú, a bu, and a-bú

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

abu

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-3 language code for Abure.

Afar[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Saho abo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʌbu/
  • Hyphenation: a‧bu

Noun[edit]

ábu m 

  1. maternal uncle
Declension[edit]
Declension of ábu
absolutive ábu
predicative ábu
subjective abí
genitive abí
Postpositioned forms
l-case ábul
k-case ábuk
t-case ábut
h-case ábuh
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʌbu/
  • Hyphenation: a‧bu

Verb[edit]

abu

  1. first/third-person masculine singular conjunctive of abé

References[edit]

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “àbu”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2004) Parlons Afar: Langue et Culture, L'Hammartan, →ISBN, page 25

Ambonese Malay[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. dust

Aribwatsa[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. water bop

References[edit]

  • Susanne Holzknecht, The Markham languages of Papua New Guinea (1989), page 71

Bakung[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *abu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(q)abu(s), from Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)

Baoule[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. turtle

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu inan

  1. (Biscayan) mortar (hollow vessel used to pound)

Declension[edit]

Declension of abu (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive abu abua abuak
ergative abuk abuak abuek
dative aburi abuari abuei
genitive aburen abuaren abuen
comitative aburekin abuarekin abuekin
causative aburengatik abuarengatik abuengatik
benefactive aburentzat abuarentzat abuentzat
instrumental abuz abuaz abuez
inessive abutan abuan abuetan
locative abutako abuko abuetako
allative abutara abura abuetara
terminative abutaraino aburaino abuetaraino
directive abutarantz aburantz abuetarantz
destinative abutarako aburako abuetarako
ablative abutatik abutik abuetatik
partitive aburik
prolative abutzat

Further reading[edit]

  • abu” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Casiguran Dumagat Agta[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *qabu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(q)abu(s), from Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abú

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

abu

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌿

Hausa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔà.bù/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [ʔà.bʊ̀]

Noun[edit]

àbù m (feminine àbā, plural abūbuwā̀, possessed form àbin)

  1. thing, object
  2. matter, affair, situation
  3. possession, property

Higaonon[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash
  2. fireplace

Hiligaynon[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay abu, from Classical Malay ابو(abu), from Old Malay habu, from Proto-Malayic *(h)abu(s), from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *(h)abu(s), from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *(h)abu(s), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(q)abu(s), from Proto-Austronesian *qabu. Doublet of hawu.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu (first-person possessive abuku, second-person possessive abumu, third-person possessive abunya)

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)
  2. dust
    Synonym: debu

Verb[edit]

abu

  1. to have defeat
    Synonym: kalah
Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Affixations

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic أَبُو(ʾabū, father). Doublet of aba, abi, and abbas.

Noun[edit]

abu (plural abu-abu, first-person possessive abuku, second-person possessive abumu, third-person possessive abunya)

  1. father
    Synonyms: ayah, bapak

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

abu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あぶ
  2. Rōmaji transcription of アブ

Kanakanabu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)

Kapampangan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *qabu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(q)abu(s), from Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abú

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)

Karo Batak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash
  2. dust

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

abu

  1. genitive plural masculine form of abi
  2. genitive plural feminine form of abi

Lithuanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *aboˀ (both), alongside Latvian abi, Old Prussian abāi and Proto-Slavic *oba. Frequently linked with Sanskrit उभ (ubhá-), Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹 (bai). Due to the anlaut of these words a connection with Latin ambo (both) and Ancient Greek ἀμφό (amphó, both, facing), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂n̥t-bʰoh₁ (on both sides) has proven problematic. Cf. Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

abù m (feminine abì) stress pattern 3

  1. both

Declension[edit]

As with dù, dvì (two):

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Livvi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *apu.

Noun[edit]

abu (genitive avun, partitive abuu)

  1. help

Derived terms[edit]


Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *apu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. help

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *habu, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *(h)abu(s), from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *(h)abu(s), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(q)abu(s), from Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu (Jawi spelling ابو‎, plural abu-abu, informal 1st possessive abuku, 2nd possessive abumu, 3rd possessive abunya)

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)
    Synonyms: debu, duli, lebu

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: abu

Further reading[edit]


Nyishi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tani *bo.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. father

Rukai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)
  2. (mineralogy) lime

Sakizaya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash (solid remains of a fire)

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic أَبُو(ʾabū), construct state of أَبْ(ʾab).

Noun[edit]

abu (n class, plural abu)

  1. father
    Synonym: baba

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qabu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ashes

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *apu.

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. help, assistance, aid

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of abu
nominative sing. abu
genitive sing. abun
partitive sing. abud
partitive plur. abuid
singular plural
nominative abu abud
accusative abun abud
genitive abun abuiden
partitive abud abuid
essive-instructive abun abuin
translative abuks abuikš
inessive abus abuiš
elative abuspäi abuišpäi
illative ? abuihe
adessive abul abuil
ablative abulpäi abuilpäi
allative abule abuile
abessive abuta abuita
comitative abunke abuidenke
prolative abudme abuidme
approximative I abunno abuidenno
approximative II abunnoks abuidennoks
egressive abunnopäi abuidennopäi
terminative I ? abuihesai
terminative II abulesai abuilesai
terminative III abussai
additive I ? abuihepäi
additive II abulepäi abuilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Yakan[edit]

Noun[edit]

abu

  1. ash

Yogad[edit]

Noun[edit]

abú

  1. ash