abudu

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَبَدَ (ʿabada).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abudu

  1. to worship

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -abudu
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuabudu kutoabudu
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative abudu abuduni
Habitual huabudu
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive niliabudu
naliabudu
tuliabudu
twaliabudu
uliabudu
waliabudu
mliabudu
mwaliabudu
aliabudu waliabudu uliabudu iliabudu liliabudu yaliabudu kiliabudu viliabudu iliabudu ziliabudu uliabudu kuliabudu paliabudu muliabudu
Relative nilioabudu
nalioabudu
tulioabudu
twalioabudu
ulioabudu
walioabudu
mlioabudu
mwalioabudu
alioabudu walioabudu ulioabudu ilioabudu lilioabudu yalioabudu kilioabudu vilioabudu ilioabudu zilioabudu ulioabudu kulioabudu palioabudu mulioabudu
Negative sikuabudu hatukuabudu hukuabudu hamkuabudu hakuabudu hawakuabudu haukuabudu haikuabudu halikuabudu hayakuabudu hakikuabudu havikuabudu haikuabudu hazikuabudu haukuabudu hakukuabudu hapakuabudu hamukuabudu
Present
Positive ninaabudu
naabudu
tunaabudu unaabudu mnaabudu anaabudu wanaabudu unaabudu inaabudu linaabudu yanaabudu kinaabudu vinaabudu inaabudu zinaabudu unaabudu kunaabudu panaabudu munaabudu
Relative ninaoabudu
naoabudu
tunaoabudu unaoabudu mnaoabudu anaoabudu wanaoabudu unaoabudu inaoabudu linaoabudu yanaoabudu kinaoabudu vinaoabudu inaoabudu zinaoabudu unaoabudu kunaoabudu panaoabudu munaoabudu
Negative siabudu hatuabudu huabudu hamabudu haabudu hawaabudu hauabudu haiabudu haliabudu hayaabudu hakiabudu haviabudu haiabudu haziabudu hauabudu hakuabudu hapaabudu hamuabudu
Future
Positive nitaabudu tutaabudu utaabudu mtaabudu ataabudu wataabudu utaabudu itaabudu litaabudu yataabudu kitaabudu vitaabudu itaabudu zitaabudu utaabudu kutaabudu pataabudu mutaabudu
Relative nitakaoabudu tutakaoabudu utakaoabudu mtakaoabudu atakaoabudu watakaoabudu utakaoabudu itakaoabudu litakaoabudu yatakaoabudu kitakaoabudu vitakaoabudu itakaoabudu zitakaoabudu utakaoabudu kutakaoabudu patakaoabudu mutakaoabudu
Negative sitaabudu hatutaabudu hutaabudu hamtaabudu hataabudu hawataabudu hautaabudu haitaabudu halitaabudu hayataabudu hakitaabudu havitaabudu haitaabudu hazitaabudu hautaabudu hakutaabudu hapataabudu hamutaabudu
Subjunctive
Positive niabudu tuabudu uabudu mabudu aabudu waabudu uabudu iabudu liabudu yaabudu kiabudu viabudu iabudu ziabudu uabudu kuabudu paabudu muabudu
Negative nisiabudu tusiabudu usiabudu msiabudu asiabudu wasiabudu usiabudu isiabudu lisiabudu yasiabudu kisiabudu visiabudu isiabudu zisiabudu usiabudu kusiabudu pasiabudu musiabudu
Present Conditional
Positive ningeabudu tungeabudu ungeabudu mngeabudu angeabudu wangeabudu ungeabudu ingeabudu lingeabudu yangeabudu kingeabudu vingeabudu ingeabudu zingeabudu ungeabudu kungeabudu pangeabudu mungeabudu
Negative nisingeabudu
singeabudu
tusingeabudu
hatungeabudu
usingeabudu
hungeabudu
msingeabudu
hamngeabudu
asingeabudu
hangeabudu
wasingeabudu
hawangeabudu
usingeabudu
haungeabudu
isingeabudu
haingeabudu
lisingeabudu
halingeabudu
yasingeabudu
hayangeabudu
kisingeabudu
hakingeabudu
visingeabudu
havingeabudu
isingeabudu
haingeabudu
zisingeabudu
hazingeabudu
usingeabudu
haungeabudu
kusingeabudu
hakungeabudu
pasingeabudu
hapangeabudu
musingeabudu
hamungeabudu
Past Conditional
Positive ningaliabudu tungaliabudu ungaliabudu mngaliabudu angaliabudu wangaliabudu ungaliabudu ingaliabudu lingaliabudu yangaliabudu kingaliabudu vingaliabudu ingaliabudu zingaliabudu ungaliabudu kungaliabudu pangaliabudu mungaliabudu
Negative nisingaliabudu
singaliabudu
tusingaliabudu
hatungaliabudu
usingaliabudu
hungaliabudu
msingaliabudu
hamngaliabudu
asingaliabudu
hangaliabudu
wasingaliabudu
hawangaliabudu
usingaliabudu
haungaliabudu
isingaliabudu
haingaliabudu
lisingaliabudu
halingaliabudu
yasingaliabudu
hayangaliabudu
kisingaliabudu
hakingaliabudu
visingaliabudu
havingaliabudu
isingaliabudu
haingaliabudu
zisingaliabudu
hazingaliabudu
usingaliabudu
haungaliabudu
kusingaliabudu
hakungaliabudu
pasingaliabudu
hapangaliabudu
musingaliabudu
hamungaliabudu
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningeliabudu tungeliabudu ungeliabudu mngeliabudu angeliabudu wangeliabudu ungeliabudu ingeliabudu lingeliabudu yangeliabudu kingeliabudu vingeliabudu ingeliabudu zingeliabudu ungeliabudu kungeliabudu pangeliabudu mungeliabudu
General Relative
Positive niabudu tuabudu uabudu mabudu aabudu waabudu uabudu iabudu liabudu yaabudu kiabudu viabudu iabudu ziabudu uabudu kuabudu paabudu muabudu
Negative nisioabudu tusioabudu usioabudu msioabudu asioabudu wasioabudu usioabudu isioabudu lisioabudu yasioabudu kisioabudu visioabudu isioabudu zisioabudu usioabudu kusioabudu pasioabudu musioabudu
Gnomic
Positive naabudu twaabudu waabudu mwaabudu aabudu waabudu waabudu yaabudu laabudu yaabudu chaabudu vyaabudu yaabudu zaabudu waabudu kwaabudu paabudu mwaabudu
Perfect
Positive nimeabudu tumeabudu umeabudu mmeabudu ameabudu wameabudu umeabudu imeabudu limeabudu yameabudu kimeabudu vimeabudu imeabudu zimeabudu umeabudu kumeabudu pameabudu mumeabudu
"Already"
Positive nimeshaabudu tumeshaabudu umeshaabudu mmeshaabudu ameshaabudu wameshaabudu umeshaabudu imeshaabudu limeshaabudu yameshaabudu kimeshaabudu vimeshaabudu imeshaabudu zimeshaabudu umeshaabudu kumeshaabudu pameshaabudu mumeshaabudu
"Not yet"
Negative sijaabudu hatujaabudu hujaabudu hamjaabudu hajaabudu hawajaabudu haujaabudu haijaabudu halijaabudu hayajaabudu hakijaabudu havijaabudu haijaabudu hazijaabudu haujaabudu hakujaabudu hapajaabudu hamujaabudu
"If/When"
Positive nikiabudu tukiabudu ukiabudu mkiabudu akiabudu wakiabudu ukiabudu ikiabudu likiabudu yakiabudu kikiabudu vikiabudu ikiabudu zikiabudu ukiabudu kukiabudu pakiabudu mukiabudu
"If not"
Negative nisipoabudu tusipoabudu usipoabudu msipoabudu asipoabudu wasipoabudu usipoabudu isipoabudu lisipoabudu yasipoabudu kisipoabudu visipoabudu isipoabudu zisipoabudu usipoabudu kusipoabudu pasipoabudu musipoabudu
Consecutive
Positive nikaabudu tukaabudu ukaabudu mkaabudu akaabudu wakaabudu ukaabudu ikaabudu likaabudu yakaabudu kikaabudu vikaabudu ikaabudu zikaabudu ukaabudu kukaabudu pakaabudu mukaabudu
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.