m-

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Translingual[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. (SI prefix) Abbreviation of milli-.

English[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. (organic chemistry) meta-

See also[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested earlier as ëm- (Buzuku), from Proto-Albanian *an-, prefixation of Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).[1][2]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. do-, on-, upon-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, pages 173-174

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare the expressive prefix ma-.

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. Non-productive expressive prefix.

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, this prefix takes the form /ma/, /mi/, /mu/, followed by a velar or coronal plosive, followed by any vowel, followed by a liquid. For example: mozkor (drunk), mutur (snout, end), makur (crooked).

References[edit]

  • m-” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Afroasiatic *m- (nominal prefix).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Prefix[edit]

m
  1. forms masculine abstract nouns from verbs, with the resulting root structure /ˈmiCCiC/
  2. forms agent nouns from verbs, with the resulting root structure /ˈmaCCaC/ or /mVCˈCiCVw/ if masculine and /maCˈCaːCit/ or /mVCˈCiCwVt/ if feminine
  3. forms instrumental nouns from verbs, with the resulting root structure /ˈmaCCaC/ or /mVCˈCiCVw/ if masculine and /maCˈCaːCit/ or /mVCˈCiCwVt/ if feminine
  4. forms passive nouns from verbs, with the resulting root structure /miˈCuːCiC/ if masculine and /miˈCuCCit/ if feminine
  5. forms nouns from other nouns with no apparent change in meaning, with the resulting root structure unchanged but for the addition of /ma-/ and the loss of final -w in masculine nouns
  6. forms nomina loci from verbs and nouns

Alternative forms[edit]

If followed by a labial consonant, this prefix dissimilated to n- in prehistoric times.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gundacker, Roman (2011) “On the Etymology of the Egyptian Crown Name mrsw.t*: An “Irregular” Subgroup of m-Prefix Formations” in Lingua Aegyptia, volume 19, page 41–44
  1. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 1

Kamba[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. you plural (used for conjugating verbs to the subjective or nominative case of the personal pronoun)

Maquiritari[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (allomorph before a consonant) mi-

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. Marks a transitive verb as having a second-person agent/subject.
  2. Marks an intransitive verb with agent-like argument as having a second-person argument/subject.

Usage notes[edit]

The form m- is used with stems that start with a vowel; mi- is used with those that start with a consonant, in which case the initial consonant is also palatalized. In practice, since all intransitive verbs to which this prefix can attach start with a vowel, mi- only appears on certain transitive verbs.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011) Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana[2], Lyon, page 180–181

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Old Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m- (class A infixed pronoun, triggers lenition)

  1. me

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Southern Ndebele[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Swahili[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mu- (both etymologies)
  • mw- (both etymologies)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

m- (plural wa-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 1 denoting humans.
    1. Forms the name of somebody who does something, has a certain characteristic, or is from a certain place.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

m- (plural mi-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 3 denoting plants and inanimate natural things.
    1. Forms the name of a plant from its fruit.

See also[edit]


Swazi[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. Class 1 simple noun prefix; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ḿ-

  1. him, her, it; class 1 object concord; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. Class 3 simple noun prefix; form of mu- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

m-

  1. Class 9 simple noun prefix; form of n- used before stems beginning with a labial consonant.

References[edit]