o-

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

o-

  1. A blood type that has no antigens. It lacks the A, B and Rh factors on the blood cells. It is the universal donor for blood and can give blood to any blood type, but can only receive O- blood.

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. (organic chemistry) ortho-

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. combining form of ogi (bread)

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the following element of the compound starts with /b/ or /ɡ/, these are devoiced to /p/ and /k/ respectively.
  • If the following element starts with a vowel, /s̺/ or /s̻/, the combining form ot- is used instead.

Cayuga[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. noun prefix

References[edit]

Frances Froman; Alfred J. Keye; Lottie Keye; Carrie Dyck (2002) English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English Dictionary, University of Toronto, page 705


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. around, all around
  2. A complete action, a perfective verb
  3. Something else.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • o-/ob(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

o-

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Lakota[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Forms nouns from some verbs.
    o- + ‎wótA (to eat) → ‎owóte (dining room)
    o- + ‎yuŋkÁ (to lie, recline) → ‎oyúŋke (a bed)

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. allomorph of öt- (detransitivizing prefix).
  2. Allomorph of ö- (second-person prefix) used for stems that begin with a consonant and have a first vowel o or u.

Inflection[edit]


Mohawk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

io- with loss of initial glide

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. noun prefix
  2. her (in kinship terms)

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Ojibwe[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. A prefix denoting the third person

Usage notes[edit]

o- is the unmarked form, and appears before stems that begin with a consonant. It may be omitted in many contexts.

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

Preverb[edit]

o-

  1. go somewhere to do something, go over there to
    Mii go imaa ziigigamideg, mii imaa o-gondaabiiginag zhingobaandag.
    If it boiled over, I dipped the bough in the kettle.

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]


Onondaga[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. noun prefix

References[edit]

  • Hanni Woodbury (2018) A Reference Grammar of the Onondaga Language, University of Toronto, page 284

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Prefix indicating a perfective verb
    o- + ‎słabnąć → ‎osłabnąć
  2. Affects verb meaning in various ways
    o- + ‎strzec → ‎ostrzec
  3. Appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way, en-, be-, make
    o- + ‎trzeźwy → ‎otrzeźwić
    Synonym: u-
  4. around
    o- + ‎winąć → ‎owinąć
    Synonym: ob-
  5. down
    o- + ‎suwać → ‎osuwać
    o- + ‎puścić → ‎opuścić
    Synonym: z-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • o- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • o- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Seneca[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. noun prefix

References[edit]

  • Wallace Chafe (2014) A Grammar of the Seneca Language, University of California Press, page 86

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b)-. Prefixed form of the preposition o.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      o- + ‎čístiti (to clean) → ‎očístiti (to clean)
    2. around, past, avoiding
      o- + ‎čŕtati (to draw) → ‎očŕtati (to outline)
      o- + ‎īti (to go) → ‎obíti (to go around, to bypass)
    3. to stay, to remain
      o- + ‎sedẹ́ti (to sit) → ‎obsedẹ́ti (to stay sitting)

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish ō-, from Old Norse ú-, ó-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from the Proto-Indo-European *n̥- whence also Greek α- (a-) and English un-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. added to adjectives to yield their opposites.
  2. added to nouns to mean lack or being without.

Derived terms[edit]


Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. (transitive) First person singular subject + third person duoplural object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person singular object.

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Tehit w- (third-person singular masculine prefix).

Pronoun[edit]

o- (Jawi ؤ-‎)

  1. (masculine) third-person singular clitic, he

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Volapük[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. denotes future tense in verbs and adverbs
    o- + ‎penob (I write.) → ‎openob (I will write.)
    o- + ‎adelo (today) → ‎odelo (tomorrow)

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Soft mutation of go-.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
go- o- ngo- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

o-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (second person singular).

Prefix[edit]

ṓ-

  1. Second-person singular relative concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 1).

Prefix[edit]

ṓ-

  1. Class 1 relative concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From a- (augment) +‎ bo- (class 2a).

Prefix[edit]

ô-

  1. Class 2a noun prefix.

Etymology 4[edit]

From a- (relative) +‎ u- (class 3).

Prefix[edit]

ṓ-

  1. Class 3 relative concord.

References[edit]