gi-

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Cebuano

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Etymology

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Apparently from an older form gina-. Compare Hiligaynon gina- and dialectal Tagalog ina- which also mark the perfective aspect in non-agent triggers.

Pronunciation

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Prefix

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gi- (Badlit spelling ᜄᜒ)

  1. forms the complete aspect in all triggers except the active trigger
    Gikaon nako ang mangga (patient trigger)
    I ate the mango (mango is focused)
    Giadtoan nako ang merkado (locative trigger)
    We went to the market (market is focused)

References

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  • John U. Wolff (1972) A dictionary of Cebuano Visayan[1] (overall work in Cebuano and English), Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press

Ojibwe

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Alternative forms

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Prefix

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gi-

  1. A prefix denoting the second person

Usage notes

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gi- is the unmarked form, and appears before stems that begin with a consonant.

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See also

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References

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Old Dutch

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Prefix

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gi-

  1. Used for forming the past participle.
  2. Forms perfective verbs from other verbs with a sense of completeness, or simply as an intensifier.
  3. Forms collective nouns.

Descendants

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  • Middle Dutch: ghe-, ge-, (West-Flanders) i-, y-

Old English

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Pronunciation

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Prefix

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ġi-

  1. Alternative form of ġe-

Old High German

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Prefix

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gi-

  1. Used for forming the past participle.
  2. Forms perfective verbs from other verbs with a sense of completeness, or simply as an intensifier.
  3. Forms collective nouns.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Middle High German: ge-
    • Alemannic German: g- or ge- (euphonic)
    • Bavarian: g-
    • German: ge-
    • Luxembourgish: ge-
    • Vilamovian: gy-
    • Yiddish: גע־ (ge-)

Old Saxon

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Prefix

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gi-

  1. Used for forming the past participle.
    giboran (born)
    gifundan (found)
    gihētan (called)
    githāht (thought)
    gialdrod (aged)
  2. Forms perfective verbs from other verbs with a sense of completeness, or simply as an intensifier.
    gidōmian (to doom)
    gibrengian (to accomplish)
    gidēlian (to distribute)
    gifāhan (to catch)
    gifremmian (to accomplish)
    gifregnan (to experience)
    gifullian (to fulfill)
    gigarwian (to prepare)
    gigirnian (to acquire)
    gihaldan (to keep)
    gihalon (to acquire)
    gihētan (to promise)
    gihuggian (to remember)
    gimanagfaldon (to multiply)
  3. Forms collective nouns.
    gibūr (neighbour)
    gibrōthar (brothers)
    gisunfadar (father and son)
    giswestar (siblings)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Phuthi

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Nguni *ngi-.

Prefix

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gi-

  1. I; first-person singular subject concord.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Nguni *ngí-.

Prefix

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gi-

  1. me; first-person singular object concord.