ob-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ob, ob., Ob, OB, ÖB, and Ob.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ob.

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. (non-productive) Against; facing; a combining prefix found in verbs of Latin origin.
  2. (botany) Of a reversed shape.

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of obligatory.

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. (Internet, informal) Obligatory; prepended to the name of a topic being mentioned to avoid accusations of being off-topic.
    • 1998, "Haydn Black", lesbian goths (discussion on Internet newsgroup alt.gothic)
      ObGoth: Uh, well, it's like this you see, <searches in random file o' obgoth things> anyone out there got the new CoX album on Tess? If so which album is it *most* like?
    • 1998, "Peter Thomas", FAQ: more info request (discussion on Internet newsgroup comp.sys.sinclair)
      Aren't Newcastle's chairman Sunderland supporters? (From the way they acted?) Erm...obspeccy? Tynesoft, eh? What happened to them?
    • 2000, "Dan Glover", Introduction to Linux article for commentary (discussion on Internet newsgroup alt.linux)
      ObLinux: SAP were giving away a free development environment for use with RedHat v6.1 recently, a distinctly non-free complete system has been available for a while. This offers another example of a commercial application where the vendors now have sufficient confidence in Linux to release a port (even if it is distribution-specific).

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ob, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. A prefix with various functions, e.g. expressing:
    omission (obden = ob + den (day) = every other day)
    surrounding (objet = ob + jet (drive) = to drive around)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • o-/ob(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ob (over, above).

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. over-, super-

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ob-.

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. ob-

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Prefixation of preposition ob (towards; against).

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. towards; against

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds, the b is often assimilated into the next consonant.

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Prefix[edit]

ob-

  1. prefix added to verbs for the aspect of space - mostly surrounding
    ob- + ‎jechać (to go) → ‎objechać (to ride around)
    ob- + ‎jeść (to eat) → ‎objeść się (to eat and be overstuffed)

The prefix obe- is the form before consonant clusters:

  1. ob- + ‎znać (to know) → ‎obeznać (to familiarise)

Because the prefix ends with the consonant sometimes the first letter of the verb was dropped.

  1. ob- + ‎źrzeć (to look) → ‎obejrzeć (to watch)
    ob- + ‎walić (to pound) → ‎obalić (to overthrow)

The prefix o- is a variant of ob- and occurs much more frequently.

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • o- (usually before plosives, sometimes also other consonants)
  • op- (before unvoiced consonants)
  • oba- (in a few words)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ob, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi. See o.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ob- (Cyrillic spelling об-)

  1. around, enclosing, surrounding
    jahatiobjahati
    grlitiobgrliti
    kružitiokružiti
  2. around, throughout, wholly
    javitiobjaviti
    uzetiobuzeti
    lizatioblizati
  3. on the surface or top of something
    grepstiogrepsti
  4. forms perfective verbs from imperfectives
    hrabritiohrabriti
  5. quite, -ish
    malenomalen

Derived terms[edit]