anti-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: anti, Anti, and antî-

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against). Doublet of and- and ante-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈænˌtiː/, /ˈæn.tɪ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæn.ti/, /ˈænˌtaɪ/

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. Against, hostile to.
    antiabortion
  2. Contrasting with the norm.
    antihero
  3. Opposite of, reverse.
    anticlockwise
  4. Physically opposite: applied to mountain ranges.
    Anti-Lebanon, Anti-Taurus, Anti-Atlas
  5. Counteracting, neutralizing.
    antibacterial
  6. (particle physics) Related to antiparticles or antimatter.
    antimatter, antiatom
  7. (immunology) That reacts with immunoglobins found in the specified animal.
    antirabbit, antihorse
  8. (games, game theory) Indicating that a game's conventional victory conditions have been reversed: misère.
    antichess, anticheckers

Usage notes[edit]

  • anti- should not be confused with the prefix ante- of Latin (not Greek) origin meaning “before”. (However, anti- does exist as a variant spelling of ante- in some borrowed words, such as anticipate and antipasto, but this spelling cannot be used to coin English words.)
  • anti- sometimes becomes ant- before words beginning in a vowel, as does ante-: antacid.
  • In British English, the anti- forms are often hyphenated as evidenced by OED's many anti- entries using hyphen. However, the exact convention significantly varies.
  • GPO manual recommends using a hyphen when prefixing capitalized words except when usage dictates otherwise.[1] This is matched by usual practice: anti-American or anti-Christian.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (against, hostile to): pro-

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 6. Compounding Rules in U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual, govinfo.gov

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • anti- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Danish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑn.ti/
  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: anti-

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Internationalism (see English anti-), ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑnti-/, [ˈɑn̪t̪i-]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Classifier[edit]

anti-

  1. classifier for weeks

Synonyms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against), influenced by Latin borrowings from Greek beginning with anti- (like Antichristus) and German borrowings from Latin or Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒnti]
  • Hyphenation: an‧ti

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English anti-, French anti-, German anti-, Italian anti-, Spanish anti-, Russian анти- (anti-), all ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-, contra-, counter- (for use mainly in scientific terms)
    anti- + ‎toxino (toxin) → ‎antitoxino (antitoxin)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay anti-, from Dutch anti-, from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [anti]
  • Hyphenation: an‧ti

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ante (before).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-
  2. ante-

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch anti-, from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti- (Jawi spelling انت‎)

  1. anti-
    AntikomunismeAnti-communism
    Anti-AmerikaAnti-America
    Antonym: pro-

Anagrams[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-
  2. (particle physics) anti- (related to antiparticles or antimatter)

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-; against, opposite, protecting against

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix[edit]

anti-

  1. anti-; against, opposite, protecting against

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]