ضد

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See also: صد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ض د د(ḍ-d-d). Likely related to Hebrew צד(tsád).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ضِدّ (ḍiddm (plural أَضْدَاد(ʾaḍdād))

  1. opposite, contrast
    اَلسَّوَادُ ضِدُّ الْبَيَاضِ
    as-sawādu ḍiddu l-bayāḍi
    The black is an opposite of the white.
  2. alike, equal, match, counterpart
    لَيْسَ لَهُ ضِدٌّ فِي ٱجْتِهَادِهِ
    laysa lahu ḍiddun fī jtihādihi
    There is no equivalent to his diligence.
  3. (semantics) word with two opposite meanings; auto-antonym
  4. antonym
  5. adversary, opponent
  6. antitoxin, antidote, anti-
Declension[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dˤid.da/
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

ضِدَّ (ḍidda)

  1. against
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms
Base form ضِدَّ (ḍidda)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
Singular Dual Plural
Masculine Feminine Common Masculine Feminine
First person ضِدِّي(ḍiddī) ضِدَّنَا(ḍiddanā)
Second person ضِدَّكَ(ḍiddaka) ضِدَّكِ(ḍiddaki) ضِدَّكُمَا(ḍiddakumā) ضِدَّكُمْ(ḍiddakum) ضِدَّكُنَّ(ḍiddakunna)
Third person ضِدَّهُ(ḍiddahu) ضِدَّهَا(ḍiddahā) ضِدَّهُمَا(ḍiddahumā) ضِدَّهُمْ(ḍiddahum) ضِدَّهُنَّ(ḍiddahunna)

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic ضِدّ(ḍidd).

Noun[edit]

ضد (ḍaddm (plural ضدود(ḍdūd) or ضدودة(ḍdūda))

  1. opposite, contrast
  2. antonym

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ضِدَّ(ḍidda).

Preposition[edit]

ضد (ḍadd)

  1. against
Inflection[edit]
Inflected forms of ضد
Base form ضد (ḍadd)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person ضدي(ḍaddi) ضدنا(ḍaddna)
2nd person ضدك(ḍaddak) ضدكي(ḍaddki) ضدكم(ḍaddkum)
3rd person ضده(ḍaddu) ضدها(ḍaddha) ضدهم(ḍaddhum)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ضِدّ(ḍidd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ضد (zedd)

  1. opposite
  2. contrary
  3. adversarial

Noun[edit]

ضد (zedd)

  1. opposition
  2. adversary

Prefix[edit]

ضد (zedd-)

  1. anti-, counter-
    ضد + ‎آب(âb) → ‎ضد آب(zedd-e âb, waterproof)
    ضد + ‎انقلاب(enqelâb) → ‎ضد انقلاب(zedd-e enqelâb, counter-revolutionary, counterrevolutionary)
    ضد + ‎تانک(tânk) → ‎ضد تانک(zedd-e tânk, anti-tank, antitank)
    ضد + ‎تروریسم(terorism) → ‎ضد تروریسم(zedd-e terorism, anti-terrorism, antiterrorism)
    ضد + ‎یخ(yax) → ‎ضد یخ(zedd-e yax, anti-freeze, antifreeze)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ض د د

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ضِدّ(ḍidd).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dˤidd/, [dˤɪdˤ]
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

ضدّ (ḍidd)

  1. against

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian ضِدّ(zidd), itself from Arabic ضِدّ(ḍidd). Cognate with Punjabi ضِدّ(ẓidd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ضِد (zidf (Hindi spelling ज़िद)

  1. stubbornness

Declension[edit]

Declension of ضد
singular plural
direct ضِدّ(zidd) ضِدّیں(ziddẽ)
oblique ضِدّ(zidd) ضِدّوں(ziddõ)
vocative ضِدّ(zidd) ضِدّو(ziddo)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ضد”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • ضد”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.