contrary

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English contrarie, compare French contraire, from Old French contraire, from Latin contrarius (opposite, opposed, contrary), from contra (against).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɒntɹəɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɑntɹɛɹi/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛəɹi (some pronunciations)

Adjective[edit]

contrary (comparative more contrary, superlative most contrary)

  1. Opposite; in an opposite direction; in opposition; adverse.
    contrary winds
  2. Opposed; contradictory; inconsistent.
    What may be "politically correct" could be contrary to the teachings of Jesus.
    • (Can we date this quote by Whewell and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The doctrine of the earth's motion appeared to be contrary to the sacred Scripture.
  3. Given to opposition; perverse; wayward.
    a contrary disposition; a contrary child

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Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

contrary (comparative more contrary, superlative most contrary)

  1. Contrarily

Noun[edit]

contrary (plural contraries)

  1. The opposite.
  2. (logic) One of a pair of propositions that cannot both be simultaneously true, , though they may both be false.
    • (Can we date this quote by I. Watts and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      If two universals differ in quality, they are contraries; as, every vine is a tree; no vine is a tree. These can never be both true together; but they may be both false.

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Verb[edit]

contrary (third-person singular simple present contraries, present participle contrarying, simple past and past participle contraried)

  1. (obsolete) To oppose; to frustrate.
  2. (obsolete) To impugn.
  3. (obsolete) To contradict (someone or something).
  4. (obsolete) To do the opposite of (someone or something).
  5. (obsolete) To act inconsistently or perversely; to act in opposition to.
  6. (obsolete) To argue; to debate; to uphold an opposite opinion.
  7. (obsolete) To be self-contradictory; to become reversed.

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