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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːŋs, *ɡaːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːŋ, *kʰaːŋs).

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手卜竹弓 (QYHN), four-corner 50017, composition)

  1. resist, oppose, defy, reject

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 422, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11889
  • Dae Jaweon: page 769, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1843, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6297

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /kʰaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠¹/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰɒ̃¹¹/ ~不住
/kʰɒ̃⁴⁵/ 抵~
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /kʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰa³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɔŋ³³/
Nanning /kʰɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /kʰɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (29)
Final () (101) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaŋ/ /kʰaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
háng kàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤaŋ-s/
English set up; oppose; protect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7365 7388
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːŋs/ /*ɡaːŋ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to resist, to oppose
    戰爭 / 战争  ―  kàngrì zhànzhēng  ―  "War of Resistance Against Japan" (the Second Sino-Japanese War)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fight against
  2. meet head on
  3. contravene
  4. to disagree with

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hang) (hangeul , revised hang, McCune-Reischauer hang, Yale hang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kháng)

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