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See also:
U+600E, 怎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-600E

[U+600D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+600F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸心 (HSP), four-corner 80331, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 379, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10431
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2280, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+600E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  (OC *zraːɡs) + semantic  (heart).

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the word 怎生 [10th c.] (Yuan et al., 1996).

Contraction of (MC t͡sɑk̚) + some variant of (MC mɨut̚, “thing; what”), literally “to do what” (Norman, 1988). This is evidenced in forms found in the Tang and Song dynasties (Yuan et al., 1996): 作勿生 (MC t͡sɑk̚ mɨut̚ ʃˠæŋ) [8th c.], 作沒生 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muət̚ ʃˠæŋ) [8th c.], 作摩 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muɑ) [10th c.], 作麼 (MC t͡sɑk̚ muɑX) [10th c.].

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zam2 - literary;
  • zaam2 - literary (rare);
  • dim2 - vernacular (most likely unrelated), more commonly written as .
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • ciōng - vernacular (also written as );
    • cīng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chóaⁿ/chài/cháiⁿ/chá/chóa/chái - vernacular;
    • chím/chérm - literary.
  • Wu
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. how; why
    2. what

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): しん (shin); (so); そう ()
    • Kun: いかで (ikade)

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chẩm, chẩn, tẩn, trẫm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]