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U+4E4D, 乍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E4D

[U+4E4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E4E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
乍-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸 (HS), four-corner 80211, composition𠂉)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 82, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 35, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E4D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠆦

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
乍-oracle.svg 乍-bronze.svg 乍-silk.svg 乍-seal.svg 乍-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːɡs, *ʔsaːɡs, *ʔsaːɡ
*ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsraːʔ
*ʔsraːʔ, *zraːʔ
*ʔsraːɡs
*ʔsraːɡs, *zraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡs, *zaːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡs
*ʔr'aːɡs, *zreːb
*zraːɡs
*ʔsraːnʔ
*sʰaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs
*zaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡs, *zaːɡ
*ʔsaːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsaːɡ, *zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ, *zraːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ
*zaːɡ, *zreːɡ, *zaɡ
*ʔr'aːɡ, *ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ
*zraːɡ
*zraːɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐaɨH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhà
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhà
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzræH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤrak-s/
English suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16650
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zraːɡs/
Notes
Definitions[edit]

  1. suddenly
  2. at first

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) to fry
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to get up; to get up and go to work; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to press or extract juices; to squeeze; a press to extract juices; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

As an alternative form of :


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
    • Name (hangeul): 잠깐 (revised: jamkkan, McCune-Reischauer: chamkkan)
  1. (for) a short time

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]