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See also:
U+99D5, 駕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D5

[U+99D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187, +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 大口尸手火 (KRSQF), four-corner 46327, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4550, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+99D5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
駕-silk.svg 駕-seal.svg 駕-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːls): phonetic  (OC *kraːl) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

The exopassive of (OC *kraːl, “to add; to attach”). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲལ (khral, to impose a tax) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁraj-s/
English hitch horses to a chariot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5884
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to drive; to sail; to fly
  2. giddyup (interjection)
  3. (historical) cart; carriage
  4. (historical) emperor's carriage
  5. (figurative) emperor

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ga (historical kana )

  1. vehicle; horse-drawn carriage
Idioms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠaH).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 멍에 (meong-e ga))

  1. Hanja form? of (cart; carriage).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giá)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN