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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
已-bw.png
Stroke order
已-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. The ancient character is analyzed by some sources as an exhalation of breath, suggesting the completion of an action. (in one of its uses) and are ultimately descended from this same character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 49 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU) or X尸山 (XSU), four-corner 17717)

  1. already
  2. finished
  3. stop

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 984, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DF2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)əʔ/
English cease; already

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14924
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯʔ/
Notes

Adverb[edit]

  1. already
    情義失去恩愛失去 [Literary Cantonese, trad.]
    情义失去恩爱失去 [Literary Cantonese, simp.]
    From: 陳百強, 偏偏喜歡你
    cing4 ji6 ji5 sat1 heoi3, jan1 oi3 dou1 sat1 heoi3 [Jyutping]
    Friendship has already gone, and all of the love is gone
  2. has; -ed

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

May be replaced with 以 in some compounds, eg. 已降→以降.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, dãi)

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