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U+6068, 恨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6068

[U+6067]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6069]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 心日女 (PAV), four-corner 97032, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10588
  • Dae Jaweon: page 716, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2299, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6068

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kɯːns).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xən⁵¹/
Harbin /xən⁵³/
Tianjin /xən⁵³/
Jinan /xẽ²¹/
Qingdao /xə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xən³¹²/
Xi'an /xẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /xə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /xəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /xə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xən³⁵/
Chengdu /xən¹³/
Guiyang /xen²¹³/
Kunming /xə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /xən⁴⁴/
Hefei /xən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ⁴⁵/ 仇~
/xəŋ⁵³/ ~人
Pingyao /xəŋ⁵³/
/xəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦəŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦən³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦen¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦaŋ²²/
Hui Shexian /xʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /xɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /hən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /hɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hen⁵³/
Taoyuan /hen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐŋ²²/
Nanning /hɐn²²/
Hong Kong /hɐŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɔuŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hun³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (53)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦənH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦənH/
Li
Rong
/ɣənH/
Wang
Li
/ɣənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ honH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m-q]ˁə[n]-s/
English regret

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3938
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to resent; to hate
  2. to regret; to pity
  3. hatred; dislike
  4. regret

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (こん) (kon)
  • Korean: (, han)
  • Vietnamese: hận ()

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to resent; to hate; be hostile to

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 한탄할 (hantanhal han))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Koreans use the character differently from any of their neighbors to mean the “virtuous, patient endurance of injustice” or “emotional longing for justice.” If one analyzes the pairings with other characters and usage in the original Chinese or Japanese, the meaning is much more negative, as in ”holding” or “avenging” a grudge.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hận, giận, hằn, hờn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.