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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo) – a kind of grass, in original sense.

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿心口 (TPR), four-corner 44627, composition)

  1. careless, frivolous
  2. illicit
  3. (grammatical particle) if, but, if only
  4. A surname​.
  5. a type of grass

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30790
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3194, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+82DF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
苟-bronze.svg 苟-bigseal.svg 苟-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (137) (134)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/ /kɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/ /kɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/ /kiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/ /kik̚/
Li
Rong
/kuX/ /kiək̚/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/ /kĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/ /ki̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ(r)oʔ/
English if really

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7069
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cẩu, cảu, càu, )

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