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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈竹山 (YIHU), four-corner 00213, composition𠫓 or ⿱)

  1. fill, be full, supply

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5145

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰəŋ²¹/ ~電
/p͡fʰəŋ⁵³/ ~當
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /soŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuŋ/
English full, fill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1491
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjuŋ/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. (archaic) to serve as

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bring up
  2. grow up
  3. raise
  4. rear
  5. be full

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みつる, romaji Mitsuru)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chung) (hangeul , revised chung, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sung)

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