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U+5141, 允
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5141

[U+5140]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5142]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹山 (IHU), four-corner 23210, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1338
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 265, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5141

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形).

Small seal script (corrupted form): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lunʔ): phonetic (OC *lɯʔ) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructs *winʔ or *junʔ:

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn²¹⁴/
/ʐuən²¹⁴/
Harbin /yn²¹³/
Tianjin /yŋ¹³/
Jinan /yẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /yə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /yn⁵³/
Xi'an /yẽ⁵³/
Xining /yə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʐuŋ⁵¹/
/vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn⁴²/
Chengdu /yn⁵³/
/yoŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /in⁴²/
Kunming /ĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /yn²¹²/
Hefei /yn²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /yən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³/
Wenzhou /j̠oŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /yan²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn⁴¹/
Xiangtan /yn⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /yn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn³⁵/
Nanning /wɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zuŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiuɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jʷinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/juenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jwinX/
Li
Rong
/iuĕnX/
Wang
Li
/jĭuĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǔn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǔn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ywinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]u[r]ʔ/
English truly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lunʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. fair; just; equitable; even-handed; impartial
  2. proper; suitable; appropriate
  3. to allow; to consent; to permit
  4. A surname​.
  5. (Classical Chinese) honest; genuine

Synonyms[edit]

  • (fair):
edit
  • (proper):
edit
  • (to allow):
edit
  • (honest):
edit

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(まこと) (Makoto

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (yun))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: doãn, duẫn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.