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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai YA.png
U+3084, や
HIRAGANA LETTER YA

[U+3083]
Hiragana
[U+3085]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ya)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ya). Its equivalent in katakana is (ya). It is the thirty-sixth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ya-gyō a-dan, row ya, section a).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(ya

  1. and/or
    としより(からだ)不自(ふじ)(ゆう)(かた)登録(とうろく)しませんか。
    O-toshiyori ya karada no fujiyū na kata wa tōroku shimasen ka.
    Don’t seniors and the physically handicapped [and others] register?
    最近(さいきん)(いぬ)(ねこ)()ている(ひと)(おお)
    saikin wa inu ya neko o katte iru hito wa ōi
    recently, many people are raising [animals like] dogs and/or cats
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used to conjoin nouns, (ya) may imply that the list is not limited to the nouns named. Contrast with (to), the other particle typically used to conjoin nouns, which implies that the list is limited to the stated nouns.

Etymology 3[edit]

Phonetic change of じゃ (ja) in the late Edo period

Suffix[edit]

(-ya

  1. (Kansai, Shikoku, Hokuriku, Fukuoka) is, are
    Variation on the Japanese copula (da), associated with Kansai dialect, particularly Ōsaka. The use of や (ya) is common in fictional dialogue attributed to characters from Ōsaka.
    まあぼちぼちなあ
    Mā, bochibochi ya nā.
    Well, things are slow. (a stereotypical Ōsaka expression)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This word is phonologically enclitic, like particles, since it is basically a contraction of a particle (で) and a verb. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ya

  1. : arrow

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ya

  1. : shop, store

Suffix[edit]

(-ya

  1. : shop, person who does or sells that thing
  2. : house

Etymology 6[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ya

  1. : 8, eight

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *wa, from Proto-Japonic *pa. Cognate with Japanese (wa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ya)

  1. topic marker
    今日 (ちゅー) ()天気 (てぃんち)でーびる。
    Chū-ya ii tinchi dēbiru.
    It is a fine day.
    (literally, “today + as for + good + weather + is”)

Usage notes[edit]

Used after words ending in long vowels.

References[edit]

  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • 1902, E. R. Edwards, nouts ɔn kəɹiən ən ˈluwˈtʃuwən, in lə mɛːtrə fɔnetik, p.114