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Hiragana letter Ya.svg
U+3084, や
HIRAGANA LETTER YA

[U+3083]
Hiragana
[U+3085]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ya)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ya). Its equivalent in katakana is (ya). It is the thirty-sixth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ya-gyō a-dan, row ya, section a).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(ya

  1. and/or
    としより(からだ)不自(ふじ)(ゆう)(かた)登録(とうろく)しませんか。
    O-toshiyori ya karada no fujiyū na kata wa tōroku shimasen ka.
    Don’t seniors and the physically handicapped [and others] register?
    最近(さいきん)(いぬ)(ねこ)()ている(ひと)(おお)
    saikin wa inu ya neko o katte iru hito wa ōi
    recently, many people are raising [animals like] dogs and/or cats
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used to conjoin nouns, (ya) may imply that the list is not limited to the nouns named. Contrast with (to), the other particle typically used to conjoin nouns, which implies that the list is limited to the stated nouns.
  • It is not used in legal documents and academic papers because it contains ambiguity.

Etymology 3[edit]

Phonetic change of じゃ (ja) in the late Edo period

Verb[edit]

(ya

  1. (Kansai, Shikoku, Hokuriku, Fukuoka) is, are
    Variation on the Japanese copula (da), associated with Kansai dialect, particularly Ōsaka. The use of (ya) is common in fictional dialogue attributed to characters from Ōsaka.
    まあぼちぼちなあ
    Mā, bochibochi ya nā.
    Well, things are slow. (a stereotypical Ōsaka expression)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This word is phonologically enclitic, like particles, since it is basically a contraction of a particle (で) and a verb. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(ya-na (adnominal (ya na), adverbial (ya ni))

  1. (informal) Alternative form of いや (iya)
    学校(がっこう)だ。
    Gakkō wa ya da.
    I don't wanna go to school.
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
2
[noun] (archery, weaponry) an arrow
[noun] a wedge used to break hard objects such as wood or stone
[noun] a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of arrows
[proper noun] a place name
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as や.)

Etymology 6[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
3
[noun] house
[suffix] shop
[suffix] person who sells or does that thing; -ist
2
[noun] a house
[suffix] house of something, place where some business is conducted
[suffix] person who does that thing
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as や.)

Etymology 7[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] eight
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as や.)

Etymology 8[edit]

Alternative spelling

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ya (ya)?

  1. spoke (of a wheel)
    Synonym: スポーク (supōku)
    Coordinate term: こしき (koshiki, hub)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *wa, from Proto-Japonic *pa. Cognate with Japanese (wa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ya)

  1. topic marker
    今日 (ちゅー) ()天気 (てぃんち)でーびる。
    Chū-ya ii tinchi dēbiru.
    It is a fine day.
    (literally, “today + as for + good + weather + is”)

Usage notes[edit]

Used after words ending in long vowels.

References[edit]

  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • 1902, E. R. Edwards, nouts ɔn kəɹiən ən ˈluwˈtʃuwən, in lə mɛːtrə fɔnetik, p.114