spoke

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: spöke

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: spōk, IPA(key): /spəʊk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊk
  • Hyphenation: spoke

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English spoke, spok, spook, from Old English spāca, from Proto-Germanic *spaikǭ.

Noun[edit]

spoke (plural spokes)

  1. A support structure that connects the axle or the hub of a wheel to the rim.
  2. (nautical) A projecting handle of a steering wheel.
  3. A rung of a ladder.
  4. A device for fastening the wheel of a vehicle to prevent it from turning when going downhill.
  5. One of the outlying points in a hub-and-spoke model of transportation.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

spoke (third-person singular simple present spokes, present participle spoking, simple past and past participle spoked)

  1. (transitive) To furnish (a wheel) with spokes.

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

spoke

  1. simple past tense of speak
  2. (now colloquial, nonstandard) past participle of speak
    • c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene ii], page 366, column 2:
      Cleo. Hye thee againe, / I haue ſpoke already, and it is provided.
    • 1741, The London Magazine, and Monthly Chronologer[1], volume 10, C. Ackers, page 435:
      Thoſe who have ſpoke in its Favour have allowed, that it is defective, with regard to the preſent Circumſtances of Europe, []
    • 2014 May 1, John Barker, Futures: A Novel[2], PM Press, page 131:
      I should have spoke to him there and then, seen he was in the mood to do something stupid.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

spoke

  1. plural of spook

Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

spoke

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of spoken

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English spāca, from Proto-Germanic *spaikǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Northern ME, Early ME) IPA(key): /ˈspɑːk(ə)/
  • IPA(key): /ˈspɔːk(ə)/

Noun[edit]

spoke (plural spokes or spoken)

  1. A spoke (support radiating from the middle of a wheel)
  2. A sharp spike or projection on the edge of a wheel.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: spoke
  • Scots: spaik

References[edit]