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See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
See also: rừng



Etymology 1[edit]

Old English hrung, from Proto-Germanic *hrungō.


rung ‎(plural rungs)

  1. A crosspiece forming a step of a ladder; a round.
  2. A crosspiece between legs of a chair.
  3. (nautical, dated) A floor timber in a ship.
  4. (dated) One of the stakes of a cart; a spar; a heavy staff.
  5. (engineering, dated) One of the radial handles projecting from the rim of a steering wheel.
  6. (engineering, dated) One of the pins or trundles of a lantern wheel.

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb ring, from Middle English ringen, from Old English hringan ‎(to ring, sound, clash; announce by bells), from Proto-Germanic *hringijaną ‎(to resound, ring)



  1. past participle of ring (only in senses related to a bell)
  2. (chiefly dialectal) simple past tense of ring
    • 1723, Charles Walker, Memoirs of Sally Salisbury, VI:
      With ecchoing Shouts the vaulted Chamber rung, / Belle Chuck was now the TOAST of ev'ry Tongue.
    • 1906, page 229: 
      Mr. Seibels, in his testimony, said I rung him up to see about labels. He is very much mistaken. I rung him up to see about bottles.
    • 1996, Peter Golenbock, Wrigleyville: A Magical History Tour of the Chicago Cubs, page 435:
      So they rung him up, and the next day he came to me and wanted to know where that pitch was.
    • 2008, Dean Kuipers, Burning Rainbow Farm: How a Stoner Utopia Went Up in Smoke, page 70:
      "I just rung him up, told him I was looking for an apartment and some work and got both of them the same day," Moe said.

Usage notes[edit]

Rang and rung are incorrect for the past of ring in the sense of encircle.

Rung as a simple past is usually considered incorrect.