pin

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See also: PIN, Pin, pīn, pín, pǐn, pìn, pîn, and piņ

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
pins (sharpened steel wire with a head)
Wikimedia project lapel pins / badge

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: pĭn, IPA(key): /pɪn/, [pʰɪn]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn
  • Homophone: pen (pin-pen merger)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn (pin, peg, bolt), from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- (protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge).

Cognate with Dutch pin (peg, pin), Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin). More at pintle.

No relation to classical Latin pinna (fin, flipper, wing-like appendage, wing, feather), which was extended to mean "ridge, peak, point" (compare pinnacle), and often confused with Latin penna (wing, feather). More at feather.

Noun[edit]

pin (plural pins)

  1. A needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
  2. A small nail with a head and a sharp point.
  3. A cylinder often of wood or metal used to fasten or as a bearing between two parts.
    Pull the pin out of the grenade before throwing it at the enemy.
  4. (wrestling, professional wrestling) The victory condition of holding the opponent's shoulders on the wrestling mat for a prescribed period of time.
  5. A slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  6. (informal, in the plural) A leg.
    I'm not so good on my pins these days.
  7. (electricity) Any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector.
    The UK standard connector for domestic mains electricity has three pins.
  8. A piece of jewellery that is attached to clothing with a pin.
  9. (US) A simple accessory that can be attached to clothing with a pin or fastener, often round and bearing a design, logo or message, and used for decoration, identification or to show political affiliation, etc.
    Synonyms: lapel pin, badge
  10. (chess) A scenario in which moving a lesser piece to escape from attack would expose a more valuable piece to attack.
  11. (golf) The flagstick: the flag-bearing pole which marks the location of a hole
  12. (curling) The spot at the exact centre of the house (the target area)
    The shot landed right on the pin.
  13. (dated) A mood, a state of being.
  14. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each person should drink.
  15. (medicine, obsolete) Caligo.
  16. A thing of small value; a trifle.
  17. A peg in musical instruments for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.
  18. (engineering) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
  19. The tenon of a dovetail joint.
  20. (Britain, brewing) A size of brewery cask, equal to half a firkin, or eighth of a barrel.
  21. (informal) A pinball machine.
    I spent most of my time in the arcade playing pins.
    • 1949, Billboard (volume 61, page 82)
      Attracted by game operation, many invested heavily in pins and rolldowns prior to last spring.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. (often followed by a preposition such as "to" or "on") To fasten or attach (something) with a pin.
  2. (chess, usually passive) To cause (a piece) to be in a pin.
  3. (wrestling) To pin down (someone).
    He pinned his opponent on the mat.
  4. To enclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
  5. (computing, graphical user interface, transitive) To attach (an icon, application, message etc.) to another item so that it persists.
    to pin a window to the taskbar
  6. (computing, transitive) To fix (an array in memory, a security certificate, etc.) so that it cannot be modified.
    When marshaling data, the interop marshaler can copy or pin the data being marshaled.
  7. To cause an analog gauge to reach the stop pin at the high end of the range.
    Synonym: peg
    • 1979, Al Greenwood and Lou Gramm, "Rev on the Red Line" from Head Games:
      Now I need to pin those needles.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. Alternative form of peen

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pins)

  1. (electronics) lead
  2. pin (ornament)

Chuukese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pin

  1. holy

Synonyms[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of zèinan: am

Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin f (singulative pinen)

  1. pines

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. imperative of pine

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *pinnaz *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- 'protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge'. Cognate with English pin, Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin f (plural pinnen, diminutive pinnetje n)

  1. peg, pin

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. Abbreviation of persoonlijk identificatienummer.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pinnen
  2. imperative of pinnen

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French pin, from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine, pine tree

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus.

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine tree

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch pin, from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- 'protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge'.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɪn]
  • Hyphenation: pin

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. pin
    1. (colloquial) a needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
      Synonym: peniti
    2. a slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  2. (colloquial) peg.
    Synonym: pasak

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ピン

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of pīt
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of pīt
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of pīt
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of pīt

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pīn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pín.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pǐn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pìn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To say
  2. To tell (a story).
  3. first-person singular realis form of pin

Synonyms[edit]


Papantla Totonac[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin inan

  1. chili. chili pepper.

References[edit]

  • Crescencio García Ramos, Diccionario Básico Totonaco-Español Español-Totonaco (Xalapa, Academia Veracruzana de las Lenguas Indígenas, 2007)

Ojibwe[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin anim (plural piniig, diminutive piniins, locative piniing, pejorative pinish)

  1. potato

Rawang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Chinese (bīng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. army.
  2. soldier.

Synonyms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pini)

  1. pine

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) pign
  • (Sursilvan) pégn
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) pegn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus.

Noun[edit]

pin m

  1. (Puter, Vallader) spruce, fir

Synonyms[edit]


Seta[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English pin

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pines)

  1. pin, lapel pin, badge
    Synonym: insignia
  2. (electricity) pin (any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English PIN, acronym of personal identification number

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pines)

  1. PIN, PIN number

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of pinsam, with the same meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pin (comparative mer pin, superlative mest pin)

  1. (colloquial) embarrasing
    Så jäkla pin asså!
    So f--ing embarrassing!
Declension[edit]

Invariable, not used in the definite form.

Etymology 2[edit]

From pina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. pain, torment
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pin (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) very, really, super-
    Synonyms: jätte-, väldigt
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English pin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin n

  1. Alternative form of pins
Usage notes[edit]

The form with -s is recommended since it's easier to decline in Swedish.

References[edit]



Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pim (Van)
  • pindik (Çorum)
  • pine (Kahramanmaraş, Sivas, Yozgat, Nevşehir, Adana)
  • pinelik (Ankara, Gümüşhane, Kayseri)
  • pines (Trabzon, Rize, Tekirdağ, Ankara, Adana)
  • pineslik (Ankara)
  • pinez (Trabzon)
  • pinezlik (Giresun)
  • pinlik (Kastamonu, Çorum, Sinop, Samsun, Tokat, Kırşehir, Kayserii)

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پین(pin), borrowed from a dialectal form of Armenian բույն (buyn, nest).

Noun[edit]

pin (definite accusative pini, plural pinler)

  1. (dialectal) coop for poultry

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative pin
Definite accusative pini
Singular Plural
Nominative pin pinler
Definite accusative pini pinleri
Dative pine pinlere
Locative pinde pinlerde
Ablative pinden pinlerden
Genitive pinin pinlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinin pinlerin
3rd singular pini pinleri
1st plural pinimiz pinlerimiz
2nd plural pininiz pinleriniz
3rd plural pinleri pinleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular pinimi pinlerimi
2nd singular pinini pinlerini
3rd singular pinini pinlerini
1st plural pinimizi pinlerimizi
2nd plural pininizi pinlerinizi
3rd plural pinlerini pinlerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular pinime pinlerime
2nd singular pinine pinlerine
3rd singular pinine pinlerine
1st plural pinimize pinlerimize
2nd plural pininize pinlerinize
3rd plural pinlerine pinlerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular pinimde pinlerimde
2nd singular pininde pinlerinde
3rd singular pininde pinlerinde
1st plural pinimizde pinlerimizde
2nd plural pininizde pinlerinizde
3rd plural pinlerinde pinlerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular pinimden pinlerimden
2nd singular pininden pinlerinden
3rd singular pininden pinlerinden
1st plural pinimizden pinlerimizden
2nd plural pininizden pinlerinizden
3rd plural pinlerinden pinlerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular pinimin pinlerimin
2nd singular pininin pinlerinin
3rd singular pininin pinlerinin
1st plural pinimizin pinlerimizin
2nd plural pininizin pinlerinizin
3rd plural pinlerinin pinlerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinsin pinlersin
3rd singular pin
pindir
pinler
pinlerdir
1st plural piniz pinleriz
2nd plural pinsiniz pinlersiniz
3rd plural pinler pinlerdir

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979) , “բոյն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • pin”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cục) pin

  1. a battery
  2. the amount of electricity that a battery holds
    Điện thoại tao hết pin rồi.
    My phone is dead.
    (literally, “My phone has run out of "battery".”)

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pīnus (compare Middle Irish pín).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m or m pl (uncountable)

  1. pine (tree)
  2. pine (wood)
Usage notes[edit]

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pin to the superseded form pîn.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pinnau)

  1. Superseded spelling of pìn.
Usage notes[edit]

Modern Welsh orthography uses pìn instead of the superseded form pin.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pin bin mhin phin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “pin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yapese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *papine, from Proto-Austronesian *bahi (woman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. woman