English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from arrayen Anglo-Norman (compare arraier Old French , arraier areer ( “ to put in order ” )), from Medieval Latin arrēdō ( “ to put in order, arrange, array ” ), from *rēdum ( “ preparation, order ” ), from Frankish *reida ( “ preparation, order ” ) or Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 ( , garaiþs “ ready, prepared ” ), from Proto-Germanic , *raidaz *raidiz ( “ ready ” ). Doublet of .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
array ( , countable and uncountable plural )
Clothing and ornamentation.
2017, Anon., “Sovay”, in Roud # 7, Laws N21 :  Sovay, Sovay all on a day, She dressed herself in man's array, With a sword and a pistol all by her side, To meet her true love to meet her true love away did ride. 1700, [John] Dryden, “ Palamon and Arcite: Or, The Knight’s Tale. In Three Books.”, in , London: Fables Ancient and Modern; [ … ] [ … ] Jacob Tonson, [ … ] , , book I, OCLC 228732415 page 8: In this Remembrance Emily e’re day / Aroſe, and dreſs’d her ſelf in rich Array [… ] A
collection laid out to be viewed in full.
1788 June, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, “Mr. Sheridan’s Speech, on Summing Up the Evidence on the Second, or Begum Charge against Warren Hastings, Esq., Delivered before the High Court of Parliament, June 1788”, in Select Speeches, Forensick and Parliamentary, with Prefatory Remarks by , volume I, [Philadelphia, Pa.]: Published by Hopkins and Earle, no. 170, N, M.D. [athaniel ] Chapman Market Street, published 1808, , OCLC 230944105 page 474: The Begums' ministers, on the contrary, to extort from them the disclosure of the place which concealed the treasures, were, [… ] after being fettered and imprisoned, led out on to a scaffold, and this array of terrours proving unavailing, the meek tempered Middleton, as a dernier resort, menaced them with a confinement in the fortress of Chunargar. Thus, my lords, was a British garrison made the climax of cruelties! 2002, David L. Thompson, “River of Memories -An Appalachian Boyhood”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name), page 69: Upon leaving the center, I photographed the colorful array of petunias decorating the square in purple, pink, yellow, white, and magenta. An orderly series, arrangement or sequence.
But the chivalry of France was represented by as gallant an array of nobles and cavaliers as ever fought under the banner of the lilies Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle.
drawn up in battle array A large collection.
We offer a dazzling array of choices. 2011 October 23, Phil McNulty, “Man Utd 1 - 6 Man City”, in BBC Sport :  Mario Balotelli, in the headlines for accidentally setting his house ablaze with fireworks, put City on their way with goals either side of the interval as United struggled to contain the array of attacking talent in front of them.
( mathematics ) Common name for matrix.
( programming ) Any of various data structures designed to hold multiple elements of the same type; especially, a data structure that holds these elements in adjacent memory locations so that they may be retrieved using numeric indices.
( law ) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impanelled in a cause; the panel itself; or the whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.
( military ) A militia. A group of
. hedgehogs  A microarray.
Usage notes [ edit ]
( any of various data structures ) : The exact usage of the term array, and of related terms, generally depends on the programming language. For example, many languages distinguish a fairly low-level "array" construct from a higher-level "list" or "vector" construct. Some languages distinguish between an "array" and a variety of " associative array"; others have only the latter concept, calling it an "array".
Antonyms [ edit ]
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
ubiór (pl) , m odzienie (pl) , n obleczenie , n strój (pl) m Portuguese:
conjunto (pt) , m traje (pt) m Russian:
убо́р (ru) m ( ubór ), наря́д (ru) m ( narjád ), одея́ние (ru) n ( odejánije ) Spanish:
atavío (es) , m galas (es) m pl Turkish:
elbise , (tr) giyecek , (tr) giyim , (tr) giyim kuşam , (tr) giyisi Ukrainian:
убі́р (uk) m ( ubír ), убра́ння (uk) n ( ubránnja ), убрання́ (uk) n ( ubrannjá ), наря́д m ( narjád ) Zazaki: çına (diq) pl
versameling (af) Belarusian:
ма́са f ( mása ), мно́ства n ( mnóstva ) Bulgarian:
ма́са (bg) f ( mása ), мно́жество (bg) n ( mnóžestvo ) Finnish:
valikoima , (fi) kokoelma (fi) French:
gamme , (fr) kyrielle (fr) , f ribambelle (fr) , f éventail (fr) m German:
Anzahl (de) , f Feld (de) , n Fülle (de) , f Reihe (de) , f Zahl (de) f Greek:
σειρά (el) f ( seirá ), διάταξη (el) f ( diátaxi ) Icelandic:
fylki (is) n Indonesian: jajaran (id)
gamma , (it) sfilza (it) , f serie (it) , f assortimento (it) m Norwegian:
samling , (no) utvalg (no) Portuguese:
gama (pt) Russian:
ма́сса (ru) f ( mássa ), мно́жество (ru) n ( mnóžestvo ) Spanish:
gama (es) Swedish:
samling (sv) c Turkish:
adet , (tr) bolluk , (tr) çokluk , (tr) gürlük , (tr) miktar (tr) sayı (tr) Ukrainian: ма́са f ( mása ), множина́ (uk) f ( množyná ), бе́зліч (uk) f ( bézlič )
any of various data structures
skikking (af) Arabic:
مَصْفُوفَة f ( maṣfūfa ) Armenian:
զանգված (hy) ( zangvac ) Azerbaijani:
масі́ў m ( masíŭ ) Bulgarian:
маси́в m ( masív ) Chinese:
Mandarin: 數組 , (zh) 数组 (zh) ( shùzǔ ), 陣列 , (zh) 阵列 (zh) ( zhènliè ) Czech:
pole (cs) n Dutch:
array (nl) m Estonian:
taulukko (fi) French:
tableau (fr) m German:
Feld (de) (standard term, general), n Datenfeld (de) ; n
Matrix (de) , f Tabelle (de) (contextual, specific); f Reihe (de) , f Spalte (de) , f Zeile (de) (less used, contextual, specific) f Greek:
παράταξη (el) f ( parátaxi ), σειρά (el) f ( seirá ) Hebrew:
מַעֲרָךְ m ( ma'arách ) Hungarian:
tömb (hu) Icelandic:
fylki (is) n Italian:
array (it) m Japanese:
配列 (ja) ( はいれつ, hairetsu ) Kazakh:
жиым ( jïım ), массив ( massïv ) Korean:
배열(配列) (ko) ( baeyeol ) Kyrgyz:
массив ( massiv ) Latvian:
masīvs m Lithuanian: masyvas m
, tūtohi tukutuku huānga Mongolian:
Cyrillic: массив ( massiv ) Norwegian:
Bokmål: tabell m Persian:
آرایه (fa) ( ârâye ) Polish:
tablica (pl) f Portuguese:
arranjo (pt) , m array , m vetor (pt) (unidimensional) m Russian:
масси́в (ru) m ( massív ) Serbo-Croatian:
ни̑з Roman: nȋz (sh) m Slovak:
pole n Slovene:
tabela f Spanish:
vector (es) , m arreglo (es) m Swedish:
vektor (sv) , c fält (sv) n Tagalog:
массив ( massiv ) Turkish:
dizi (standard term, general); (tr)
satır , (tr) sıra , (tr) sütun (tr) çizelge (contextual, specific), (tr) matris (tr) Turkmen:
маси́в m ( masýv ) Uzbek:
massiv (uz) Vietnamese:
mảng (vi) Zazaki: rêz f
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
References [ edit ]
AskOxford: H , Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press,  (please provide a date or year), archived from the original on June 16, 2006
See also [ edit ]
array ( third-person singular simple present , arrays present participle , arraying simple past and past participle )
clothe and ornament; to adorn or attire.
He was arrayed in his finest robes and jewels. 1590, Edmund Spenser, , London: The Faerie Qveene. [ … ] [ … ] [ John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, , book II, canto IX, stanza 37, OCLC 960102938 page 317: In a long purple pall, whose ſkirt with gold, / Was fretted all about, ſhe was arayd, [… ] To lay out in an orderly arrangement; to
deploy or marshal. ( law ) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them one at a time.
1768, William Blackstone, “Of the Trial by Jury”, in , book III (Of Private Wrongs), Oxford: Commentaries on the Laws of England [ … ] Clarendon Press, , OCLC 65350522 page 359: Alſo, though there be no perſonal objection againſt the ſheriff, yet if he arrays the panel at the nomination, or under the direction of either party, this is good cauſe of challenge to the array.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
Portuguese [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Unadapted borrowing from English .
array ( m plural )
( programming ) array ( any of various data structures )