vector

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin vector (carrier, transporter), from vehō (I carry, I transport, I bear), also ultimately the root of English vehicle.

The “person or entity that passes along an urban legend or other meme” sense derives from the disease sense.

The mathematics sense was coined by William Rowan Hamilton in 1846.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: vec‧tor
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈvɛktə/
  • (US) enPR: vĕk'tər, IPA(key): /ˈvɛktɚ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛktə(ɹ)

Noun[edit]

vector (plural vectors)

  1. (mathematics) A directed quantity, one with both magnitude and direction; the signed difference between two points.
    Hypernym: tensor
    • 1914, The New Student's Reference Work:
      As examples of vector quantities may be mentioned the distance between any two given points, a velocity, a force, an acceleration, angular velocity, intensity of magnetization flux of heat.
  2. (mathematics) An ordered tuple representing such.
  3. (mathematics) Any member of a (generalized) vector space.
    The vectors in are the single-variable polynomials with rational coefficients: one is .
  4. (aviation) A chosen course or direction for motion, as of an aircraft.
    • 2017, Mark Chambers, ‎Tony Holmes, Nakajima B5N ‘Kate’ and B6N ‘Jill’ Units (page 32)
      I was told to fly out on a vector of 100 degrees to meet a strong plot of aircraft 30 miles from the coast.
  5. (epidemiology) A carrier of a disease-causing agent.
  6. (sociology) A person or entity that passes along an urban legend or other meme.
    • 2020 October 12, Andrew Marantz, “Why Facebook Can’t Fix Itself”, in The New Yorker[1]:
      These days, their primary job is to insist that Facebook is a fun place to share baby photos and sell old couches, not a vector for hate speech, misinformation, and violent extremist propaganda.
  7. (psychology) A recurring psychosocial issue that stimulates growth and development in the personality.
  8. The way in which the eyes are drawn across the visual text. The trail that a book cover can encourage the eyes to follow from certain objects to others.(Can we add an example for this sense?)
  9. (computing, operating systems) A memory address containing the address of a code entry point, usually one which is part of a table and often one that is dereferenced and jumped to during the execution of an interrupt.
  10. (programming) A one-dimensional array.
    • 2004, Jesse Liberty, Bradley L. Jones, Sams Teach Yourself C++ in 21 Days (page 694)
      To create a vector of students in a class, you will want the vector to be large enough []
  11. (computer graphics, attributive) A graphical representation using outlines; vector graphics.
    Coordinate term: raster
    a vector image, vector graphics
  12. (molecular biology) A DNA molecule used to carry genetic information from one organism into another.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (programming): The term vector is used loosely when the indices are not (either positive or non-negative) integers.

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

vector (third-person singular simple present vectors, present participle vectoring, simple past and past participle vectored)

  1. To set (particularly an aircraft) on a course toward a selected point.
    • 1994, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Tendencies:
      [] if love is vectored toward an object and Elinor's here flies toward Marianne, Marianne's in turn toward Willoughby.
  2. (computing) To redirect to a vector, or code entry point.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • The New Oxford Dictionary of English

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin vector.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectors)

  1. vector

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin vector.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectoren, diminutive vectortje n)

  1. (mathematics) vector, an element of a vector space

Derived terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin vector.

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectores)

  1. vector

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

vehō +‎ -tor

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vector m (genitive vectōris); third declension

  1. bearer, carrier
  2. passenger

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vector vectōrēs
Genitive vectōris vectōrum
Dative vectōrī vectōribus
Accusative vectōrem vectōrēs
Ablative vectōre vectōribus
Vocative vector vectōrēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: vector
  • Dutch: vector
  • English: vector
  • French: vecteur
  • Galician: vector
  • Italian: vettore
  • Portuguese: vetor
  • Romanian: vector
  • Spanish: vector

Verb[edit]

vector

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of vectō

References[edit]

  • vector”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vector”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • passengers: vectores (Phil. 7. 9. 27)

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectores)

  1. Superseded spelling of vetor. (Superseded in Brazil by the 1943 spelling reform and by the Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990 elsewhere. Still used in countries where the agreement hasn’t come into effect and as an alternative spelling in Portugal.)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French vecteur, Latin vector.

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectori)

  1. vector

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin vector.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beɡˈtoɾ/ [beɣ̞ˈt̪oɾ]
  • Rhymes: -oɾ
  • Hyphenation: vec‧tor

Noun[edit]

vector m (plural vectores)

  1. vector

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]