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See also: Matrix and mátrix


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From Old French matrice (pregnant animal), from Latin mātrīx (dam, womb), from māter (mother).



matrix (plural matrices or matrixes)

  1. (now rare) The womb.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.17:
      upon conception the inward orifice of the matrix exactly closeth, so that it commonly admitteth nothing after [...].
    • 1969, Vladimir Nabokov, Ada or Ardor, Penguin 2011, p. 296:
      In very rare cases, when the matrix just goes on pegging away automatically, the doctor can take advantage of that and ease out the second brat who then can be considered to be, say, three minutes younger [...].
  2. (biology) The material or tissue in which more specialized structures are embedded.
  3. (biology) An extracellular matrix, the material or tissue between the cells of animals or plants.
  4. (biology) Part of the mitochondrion.
  5. (biology) The medium in which bacteria are cultured.
  6. (mathematics) A rectangular arrangement of numbers or terms having various uses such as transforming coordinates in geometry, solving systems of linear equations in linear algebra and representing graphs in graph theory.
  7. (computing) A two-dimensional array.
  8. (electronics) A grid-like arrangement of electronic components, especially one intended for information coding, decoding or storage.
    • 2002, B. Somantathan Nair, Digital Electronics and Logic Design
      Diode matrix is the most fundamental of all ROM structure.
    • 1987, David Ardayfio, Fundamentals of Robotics
      Robot controllers range in complexity from simple stepping switches through pneumatic logic sequencers, diode matrix boards, electronic sequencers, and microprocessors to minicomputers.
    • 1962, Burroughs Corporation, Digital Computer Principles
      A transistor-diode matrix' is composed of vertical and horizontal wires with a transistor at each intersection.
    • 1959, John Millar Carroll, Modern Transistor Circuits
      The transistor matrix in the encoder supplies the sequential gates.
  9. A table of data.
  10. (geology) A geological matrix.
  11. (archaeology and paleontology) The sediment surrounding and including the artifacts, features, and other materials at a site.
  12. (analytical chemistry) The environment from which a given sample is taken.
  13. (printing, historical) In hot metal typesetting, a mold for casting a letter.
  14. (printing, historical) In printmaking, the plate or block used, with ink, to hold the image that makes up the print.
  15. (material science) Binding agent) of composite materials, e.g. resin in fibreglass.



Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.



From Latin mātrīx. Cognate with matrijs.



matrix f (plural matrices or matrixen, diminutive matrixje n)

  1. matrix (in mathematics)



From māter (mother).



mātrīx f (genitive mātrīcis); third declension

  1. uterus, womb
  2. dam (non-human female animal kept for breeding)
  3. source, origin
  4. list, register


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mātrīx mātrīcēs
genitive mātrīcis mātrīcum
dative mātrīcī mātrīcibus
accusative mātrīcem mātrīcēs
ablative mātrīce mātrīcibus
vocative mātrīx mātrīcēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

see māter