matrix

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See also: Matrix and mátrix

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French matrice ‎(pregnant animal), from Latin mātrīx ‎(dam, womb), from māter ‎(mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

matrix ‎(plural matrices or matrixes)

  1. (now rare) The womb.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.17:
      upon conception the inward orifice of the matrix exactly closeth, so that it commonly admitteth nothing after [...].
    • 1969, Vladimir Nabokov, Ada or Ardor, Penguin 2011, p. 296:
      In very rare cases, when the matrix just goes on pegging away automatically, the doctor can take advantage of that and ease out the second brat who then can be considered to be, say, three minutes younger [...].
  2. (biology) The material or tissue in which more specialized structures are embedded.
  3. (biology) An extracellular matrix, the material or tissue between the cells of animals or plants.
  4. (biology) Part of the mitochondrion.
  5. (biology) The medium in which bacteria are cultured.
  6. (mathematics) A rectangular arrangement of numbers or terms having various uses such as transforming coordinates in geometry, solving systems of linear equations in linear algebra and representing graphs in graph theory.
  7. (computing) A two-dimensional array.
  8. (computing) The circuitry inside a keyboard that determines which keys are being pressed.
  9. A table of data.
  10. (geology) A geological matrix.
  11. (archaeology and paleontology) The sediment surrounding and including the artifacts, features, and other materials at a site.
  12. (analytical chemistry) The environment from which a given sample is taken.
  13. (printing, historical) In hot metal typesetting, a mold for casting a letter.
  14. (printing, historical) In printmaking, the plate or block used, with ink, to hold the image that makes up the print.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mātrīx. Cognate with matrijs.

Noun[edit]

matrix f ‎(plural matrices or matrixen, diminutive matrixje n)

  1. matrix (in mathematics)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From māter ‎(mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mātrīx f ‎(genitive mātrīcis); third declension

  1. uterus, womb
  2. dam (non-human female animal kept for breeding)
  3. source, origin
  4. list, register

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mātrīx mātrīcēs
genitive mātrīcis mātrīcum
dative mātrīcī mātrīcibus
accusative mātrīcem mātrīcēs
ablative mātrīce mātrīcibus
vocative mātrīx mātrīcēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

see māter

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]