Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- (General American) IPA(key): [ˈɑɹɾɪfækt], [ˈɑɹɾəfækt]
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɑːtɪfækt/
- Hyphenation: ar‧ti‧fact
artifact (plural artifacts)
- An object made or shaped by human hand.
- (archaeology) An object, such as a tool, weapon or ornament, of archaeological or historical interest, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation.
- The dig produced many Roman artifacts.
- Something viewed as a product of human conception or agency rather than an inherent element.
- Philip Weiss
- The very act of looking at a naked model was an artifact of male supremacy.
- Philip Weiss
- A structure or finding in an experiment or investigation that is not a true feature of the object under observation, but is a result of external action, the test arrangement, or an experimental error.
- The spot on his lung turned out to be an artifact of the X-ray process.
- (biology) A structure or appearance in protoplasm due to death, method of preparation of specimens, or the use of reagents, and not present during life.
- An object made or shaped by some agent or intelligence, not necessarily of direct human origin.
- (computing) A perceptible distortion that appears in a digital image, audio or video file as a result of applying a lossy compression algorithm.
- This JPEG image has been so highly compressed that it has too many unsightly compression artifacts, making it unsuitable for the cover of our magazine.
something viewed as a product of human conception
- “artifact”, in The Century Dictionary, New York: The Century Co., 1911
- "artefact" is the preferred spelling in Australia’s Macquarie Dictionary, with artifact listed as a variant.
- "artifact" is preferred by the Oxford English Dictionary and most American dictionaries.