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From Proto-Italic *fakiō, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- ‎(to put, place, set), through an intermediate root *dʰh₁-k-yé/ó-. Cognate with Latin facio.




  1. I make



PIE root

From Proto-Italic *fakiō, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- ‎(to put, place, set), possibly through a later intermediate root *dʰh₁-k-yé/ó-. Cognates include Ancient Greek τίθημι ‎(títhēmi), Sanskrit दधाति ‎(dádhāti), Old English dōn (English do).



faciō ‎(present infinitive facere, perfect active fēcī, supine factum); third conjugation iō-variant, irregular passive voice

  1. I do
    Quid feci?
    What have I done?
    Latrocinium modo factum est. (special usage; passive perfect = took place)
    A robbery just took place.
    Factum est.
    (It) is done.
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      Quam diu quisquam erit qui te defendere audeat, vives, et vives ita ut nunc vivis, multis meis et firmis praesidiis obsessus ne commovere te contra rem publicam possis. Multorum te etiam oculi et aures non sentientem, sicut adhuc fecerunt, speculabuntur atque custodient.
      As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, you shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic: many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, though you shall not perceive them.
  2. I make, construct, fashion, frame, build, erect
  3. I make, produce, compose.
  4. I appoint.


   Conjugation of facio (third conjugation -variant, irregular and suppletive in the passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present faciō facis facit facimus facitis faciunt
imperfect faciēbam faciēbās faciēbat faciēbāmus faciēbātis faciēbant
future faciam faciēs faciet faciēmus faciētis facient
perfect fēcī fēcistī fēcit fēcimus fēcistis fēcērunt, fēcēre
pluperfect fēceram fēcerās fēcerat fēcerāmus fēcerātis fēcerant
future perfect fēcerō fēceris fēcerit fēcerimus fēceritis fēcerint
passive present fīō fīs fit fīmus fītis fīunt
imperfect fīēbam fīēbās fīēbat fīēbāmus fīēbātis fīēbant
future fīam fīēs fīet fīēmus fīētis fīent
perfect factus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect factus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect factus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present faciam faciās faciat faciāmus faciātis faciant
imperfect facerem facerēs faceret facerēmus facerētis facerent
perfect fēcerim fēcerīs fēcerit fēcerīmus fēcerītis fēcerint
pluperfect fēcissem fēcissēs fēcisset fēcissēmus fēcissētis fēcissent
passive present fīam fīās fīat fīāmus fīātis fīant
imperfect fierem fierēs fieret fierēmus fierētis fierent
perfect factus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect factus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fac, face facite
future facitō facitō facitōte faciuntō
passive present fīte
future fītō fītō fītōte fīuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives facere fēcisse factūrus esse fierī factus esse factum īrī
participles faciēns factūrus factus faciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
facere faciendī faciendō faciendum factum factū

Derived terms[edit]



  • Wheelock's Latin, Wheelock, F.M. (6th ed., 2005). (Cited for abbreviation of singular imperative form; p. 51.) HarperCollins, N.Y.