calque

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See also: calqué

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From French calque (calque, literally copy, tracing), from calquer (to copy, trace) (whence also calk), itself borrowed from Italian calcare, from Latin calcāre (to tread).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Examples

calque (plural calques)

  1. (linguistics, translation studies) A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
    Synonyms: loan translation, calquing
    Hypernym: loan formation
    Coordinate term: (a term that is partially a calque and partially formally contains a foreign element) partial calque, loanblend

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Verb[edit]

calque (third-person singular simple present calques, present participle calquing, simple past and past participle calqued)

  1. (linguistics, translation studies) To adopt (a word or phrase) from one language to another by semantic translation of its parts.

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Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

calque

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of calcar

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal from calquer, borrowed from Italian calcare, from Latin calcāre (I tread).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

calque m (plural calques)

  1. tracing (the reproduction of an image made by copying it through translucent paper)
  2. (lexicography) calque, loan translation
  3. (computer graphics) layer

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Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈkaw.ki/ [ˈkaʊ̯.ki]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈkaw.ke/ [ˈkaʊ̯.ke]

Verb[edit]

calque

  1. inflection of calcar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

calque

  1. inflection of calcar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative