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See also: calqué
calque (plural calques)
- (linguistics, translation studies) A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
word formed by word-for-word translation of a word in another language
- While the term calque is a loanword from French, the term loanword is a calque from the German compound noun Lehnwort.
- (linguistics, translation studies) To adopt (a word or phrase) from one language to another by semantic translation of its parts.
adopt a word by translation of its parts
- Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “calque”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- calque at OneLook Dictionary Search
- calque in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
calque m (plural calques)
- tracing (the reproduction of an image made by copying it through translucent paper)
- (lexicography) calque, loan translation
- (computer graphics) layer
- → Belarusian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
- → Bulgarian: ка́лка (kálka)
- → Catalan: calc (semantic loan)
- → Czech: kalk
- → English: calque
- → Georgian: კალკი (ḳalḳi)
- → Italian: calco (semantic loan)
- → Latvian: kalks
- → Macedonian: калка (kalka)
- → Polish: kalka
- → Romanian: calc
- → Russian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
- → Serbo-Croatian: ка̏лк (kȁlk)
- → Slovak: kalk
- → Slovene: kalk
- → Spanish: calco (semantic loan)
- → Ukrainian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
- → Yiddish: קאַלקע (kalke)
- “calque”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.