translation

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English translacioun (movement between two places; transfer of a bishop from one see to another; transfer of a saint’s relics from one place to another; feast day celebrating the transfer of a saint’s relics; transfer of dominion or rulership from one person to another; (law) settlement of a transfer of property; assumption into heaven; miraculous transformation; radical change of condition; replacement of religious laws or priests by new ones; act of translating from one language to another; the product of this act) [and other forms],[1] and then:

  • from Anglo-Norman translacioun [and other forms] and Middle French, Old French translacion, translation (translated text; act of translating from one language to another; act of moving something between two places; transfer of a saint’s relics from one place to another; feast day celebrating the transfer of a saint’s relics; transfer of property or rights from one person to another; transfer of a bishop or clergyman from one see or benefice to another; transfer of dominion or rulership from one person to another; alteration, change; metaphor; transference of disease from one person or body part to another; (astrology) separation of one planet from another) (modern French translation); and
  • their etymon Latin trānslātiō (act of moving something between two places; transfer of property or rights from one person to another; figurative use of a word; transfer of ideas between two contexts; act of translating from one language to another) (and compare Late Latin trānslātiō (assumption into heaven; transfer of a bishop from one see to another; transfer of a saint’s relics from one place to another; translated text)), from trānslāt- (the supine stem of trānsferō (to bring or carry across or over, transfer, transport; to translate from one language to another; to use figuratively; to change, transform); compare trānslātū, trānslātum) + -iō (suffix forming abstract nouns from verbs).[2]

Trānsferō is derived from trāns- (prefix meaning ‘beyond’) + ferō (to bear, carry) (the present stem ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry) and the perfect stem from *telh₂- (to bear, endure; to undergo)). The English word may be analysed as translate +‎ -ion.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

translation (countable and uncountable, plural translations)

  1. (countable, uncountable) The act of translating, in its various senses:
    1. The conversion of text from one language to another.
    2. (translation studies) The discipline or study of translating written language (as opposed to interpretation, which concerns itself with spoken language).
    3. The conversion of something from one form or medium to another.
    4. (physics, mathematics) A motion or compulsion to motion in a straight line without rotation or other deformation.
    5. (mathematics) A relation between two mathematical figures such as a straight line where the coordinates of each point in one figure is a constant added to the coordinates of a corresponding point in the other figure.
    6. (genetics) The process whereby a strand of mRNA directs assembly of amino acids into proteins within a ribosome.
    7. (physics) A transfer of motion occurring within a gearbox.
    8. The automatic retransmission of a telegraph message.
    9. The conveyance of something from one place to another, especially:
      1. (Christianity) An ascension to Heaven without death.
      2. (Christianity) A transfer of a bishop from one diocese to another.
      3. (Christianity) A transfer of a holy relic from one shrine to another.
      4. (medicine) A transfer of a disease from one body part to another.
  2. (countable) The product or end result of an act of translating, in its various senses.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trānslātiō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

translation f (plural translations)

  1. (mathematics, physics) translation
  2. (computing) thunking

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trānslātiō.

Noun[edit]

translation c

  1. (mathematics, physics) translation

Declension[edit]

Declension of translation 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative translation translationen translationer translationerna
Genitive translations translationens translationers translationernas