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See also: heaven


Proper noun[edit]


  1. (religion) The abode of God or the gods, when considered as a specific location; the abode of the blessed departed who reside in the presence of God or the gods
    1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, I 263
    Better to reign in Hell, then serve in Heav'n.
    • 2011, Lillian Tseng, Picturing Heaven in Early China, 2
      To grasp the Chinese's notion of Heaven, we must look at the contexts in which tian is used... In the Book of Odes (Shi jing 詩經), which includes poems dated between the eleventh and seventh centuries BCE, tian is a place where the Heavenly Thearch resides.
  2. (religion) Providence, the will of God or the gods, when considered as a personal entity or specific aspect of the divine; Fate
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, I 212
      ...The will
      And high permission of all-ruling Heaven.
    • 1793, Henry Boyd, Poems, II iv 270
      Heaven commands thine arm
      To lift the sure-destroying sword!
    • 1886 May 8, The Pall Mall Gazette, 1 1
      ...executing the just judgment of offended Heaven upon cattle-houghers, traitors, and assassins.
    • 2011, Lillian Tseng, Picturing Heaven in Early China, 3
      Cosmologists regarded Heaven as a force—composed of qi , which was divided into yin and yang aspects—that kept the cosmos moving.
  3. (uncommon) Other extended senses of heaven as a specific place similar to the abode of God, the gods, or the blessed departed
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, I 254–255
      The mind is its own place, and in it self
      Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Hell of Heav'n.
  4. (obsolete) The sky, particularly its distant aspect as the abode of the sun, moon, and stars
    • 1581, George Pettie translating Stefano Guazzo, Ciuile Conuersation, I 26
      Everie...Countrie, by the nature of the place, the climate of the Heaven, and the influence of the starres hath certaine vertues.
    • 1625, Nathanæl Carpenter, Geography delineated forth in two bookes, I iv 77
      The Heauens...are carried in 24 houres from East to West.
  5. (uncommon) A patronymic surname derived from Evan
  6. (rare) A female given name of modern usage from the noun heaven.


See also[edit]