etc.

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ETC and etc

English[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this English entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English et cetera, etc., from Latin etc., an abbreviation of et cetera (and the rest [of the things]; and the other things).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛt ˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/, /ˌɛkˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/ (See Usage below)
    (file)

Phrase[edit]

etc.

  1. And so on: used to note that the rest of a list or piece of information has been left out on the assumption that it is similar or already known.
    The grocery shop sells cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, etc.
    The plagiarism was painfully obvious: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times," etc.

Usage notes[edit]

  • "Etc." is typically read out as the full Latin phrase et cetera rather than as letters (as with "i.e.") or as a contraction (as with "et seq."). It is, however, sometimes read out as its English calque and so on (as with "e.g.").
  • In Latin, et cetera refers solely to other things. It is therefore properly avoided in lists of people, where "et al." (that is, et alii) is used instead. "Et al." is thus sometimes sharply distinguished from "etc." in English, although the same abbreviation can also stand for the Latin et alia, which is a synonym of "etc."
  • Because "etc." effectively makes a list exhaustive, it is properly avoided when using other abbreviations (such as "e.g." and "viz.") that offer partial examples. If the "etc." is desired, "i.e." may be used in their place.
  • Some speakers use a /k/ sound in place of the /t/ in the first word. This is usually proscribed and somewhat stigmatized. It is represented in eye dialect as "excetera", "exetera", or "ekcetera".

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Danish entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of et cetera.

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Synonyms[edit]


Fala[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Fala entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin et cetera (and more).

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc. (and the rest; and so forth)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Anexu: Nossa Fala:
      Por siglus, a xienti de capital (rica) i as mismas Instituciós (Iglexiia, Escuelas, Xiusticia, funcionarius, etc.) tiñan a fala cumu algo de ignorantis, atrasaus, vulgariai.
      For centuries, the people from the capital (rich) and the same institutions (Church, Schools, Justice, public servants, etc.) held Fala as something of ignorant people, backward people, vulgarity.

French[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this French entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛt.se.te.ʁa/, (proscribed) /ɛk.se.te.ʁa/
  • (Quebec) IPA(key): /ɛt.se.te.ʁa/, (informal) /ɛt.ʃe.te.ʁa/

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. et cetera (and so on)

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this German entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Hungarian entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Etymology[edit]

An abbreviation of Hungarian etcetera, from Latin et cetera (and the rest [of the things]; and the other things).

Pronoun[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Latin entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • &c (dated, rare outside titles)
  • &c.

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. et cētera (and so forth)

Middle English[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Middle English entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Phrase[edit]

etc.

  1. Alternative form of et cetera

Portuguese[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Portuguese entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /et(ʃ)(i)ˈsɛteɾɐ/
  • (European Portuguese) IPA(key): /etɨˈsɛteɾɐ/

Phrase[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera.

Spanish[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Spanish entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of etcétera.

Swedish[edit]

Zeichen 215.svg A user suggests that this Swedish entry be moved, merged or split.
Please see the discussion on Requests for moves, mergers and splits(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the request has been fulfilled.

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera. Abbreviation of etcetera.