etc.

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See also: ETC and etc

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin etc., an abbreviation of et cetera (and the rest [of the things]; and the other things).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phrase[edit]

etc.

  1. And so on: used to note that the rest of a list or piece of information has been left out on the assumption that it is similar or already known.
    The grocery sells cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, etc.
    The plagiarism was painfully obvious: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times," etc.

Usage notes[edit]

  • "Etc." is typically read out as the full Latin phrase et cetera rather than as letters (as with "i.e.") or as a contraction (as with "et seq."). It is, however, sometimes read out as its English calque and so on (as with "e.g.").
  • In Latin, et cetera refers solely to other things. It is therefore properly avoided in lists of people, where "et al." (that is, et alii) is used instead. "Et al." is thus sometimes sharply distinguished from "etc." in English, although the same abbreviation also can stand for the Latin et alia, which is a synonym of "etc."
  • Because "etc." effectively makes a list exhaustive, it is properly avoided when using other abbreviations (such as "e.g." and "viz.") that offer partial examples. If the "etc." is desired, "i.e." may be used in their place.
  • Some speakers use a /k/ sound in place of the /t/ in the first word. This is usually proscribed and somewhat stigmatized. It is represented in eye dialect as "excetera", "exetera", or "ekcetera".

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Abbreviation[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera.

Synonyms[edit]


Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin et cetera (and more).

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc. (and the rest; and so forth)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Anexu: Nossa Fala:
      Por siglus, a xienti de capital (rica) i as mismas Instituciós (Iglexiia, Escuelas, Xiusticia, funcionarius, etc.) tiñan a fala cumu algo de ignorantis, atrasaus, vulgariai.
      For centuries, the people from the capital (rich) and the same institutions (Church, Schools, Justice, public servants, etc.) held Fala as something of ignorant people, backward people, vulgarity.

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛt se.te.ʁa/, (proscribed) /ɛk se.te.ʁa/
  • (Quebec) IPA(key): /ɛt se.te.ʁa/, (informal) /ɛt ʃe.te.ʁa/

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. et cetera (and so on)

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of et cetera.

Pronoun[edit]

etc.

  1. etc.

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

etc.

  1. et cētera (and so forth)

Portuguese[edit]

Phrase[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera.

Swedish[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera. Abbreviation of etcetera.