et al.

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See also: étal, e tal, et. al, and et al

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛtˈɑːl/, /eɪˈtɑːl/, /ɛtˈæl/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin, abbreviation of et (and) and alii (others) (English: et alii) and its forms and derivatives.

Phrase[edit]

et al.

  1. And others; to complete a list, especially of people, as authors of a published work.
Usage notes[edit]

Formally preferred by some over etc. for lists of people in all contexts, reserving etc. for lists of things (inanimate objects); the distinction is sometimes ignored in casual use, and the two abbreviations are used synonymously in many contexts for completing lists except in very careful or formal use. However, in lists of authors of a published work, et al. is still regularly used.

Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin, abbreviation of et (and) and alibī (other places) (English: et alibi).

Abbreviation[edit]

et al.

  1. And elsewhere; to complete a list of places.
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

et al.

  1. Abbreviation for et alii (masculine), et aliae (feminine) or et alia (neuter), in all cases meaning and others. Mixed-gender groups would use et alii.
  2. Abbreviation for et alibi, meaning and other occurrences in a text.

Portuguese[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

et al.

  1. et al. (and others)