et al.

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: étal, e tal, et. al, and et al


Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): /ɛtˈɔl/, /ɛtˈɑːl/, /eɪˈtɑːl/, /ɛtˈæl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔl, -ɑːl, -æl
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin, abbreviation of et aliī (and others) (English: et alii) and its forms and derivatives.


et al.

  1. And others; to complete a list, especially of persons, as authors of a published work.
Usage notes[edit]

Formally preferred by some over etc. for lists of people in all contexts, reserving etc. for lists of things (inanimate objects); the distinction is sometimes ignored in casual use, and the two abbreviations are used synonymously in many contexts for completing lists except in very careful or formal use. However, in lists of authors of a published work, et al. is still regularly used.

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • et alia - And others; used of things; neuter plural
  • et aliae - And others; used of females; feminine plural.
  • et alii - And others; used of males, or groups of mixed gender; masculine plural
  • et alios - And others; used of people, unless exclusively of female gender
  • etc., &c. - et cetera "and the rest"
  • et ux. - et uxor "and wife"
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin, abbreviation of et alibī (and other places) (English: et alibi).


et al.

  1. And elsewhere; to complete a list of places.
Related terms[edit]




et al.

  1. et al.; used to complete a list of authors

See also[edit]



et al. (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of et aliī (and others). (masculine plural)
  2. Abbreviation of et aliae (and others). (feminine plural)
  3. Abbreviation of et alia (and others). (neuter plural)
  4. Abbreviation of et alibī (and other occurrences).

Usage notes[edit]

  • Mixed-gender groups would use et aliī.



et al.

  1. et al. (and others)