y

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Letter y.svg
y U+0079, y
LATIN SMALL LETTER Y
x
[U+0078]
Basic Latin z
[U+007A]
U+FF59, y
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER Y

[U+FF58]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF5A]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Symbol[edit]

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of Y:


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural ys or y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wy or wye and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
    • 2003, Howard Tanner, Sonia Jones, Becoming a Successful Teacher of Mathematics
      Consider the following questions selected from the tests and estimate the proportion of Y8 pupils you would expect to answer correctly.
  2. (Britain, television) Abbreviation of youth., usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

y (not comparable)

  1. (slang, text messaging, Internet slang) Abbreviation of why.

See also[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and

Pronoun[edit]

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.
    da-y pan
    give him/her bread

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually seen as -y

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Basque alphabet, called i greko and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. Obsolete form of i (and).

Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ij (in some words)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛɪ/, /iˈɡrɛk/, /ˌɣrik.sə ˈɛɪ/
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notes[edit]

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /jɛɪ/).

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: x
  • Next letter: z

Fala[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From i grec (Greek i), referring to the letter upsilon (Υ), originally borrowed from the Greek alphabet, as opposed to "Latin i" (I).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /i.ɡʁɛk/

Letter[edit]

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Etymology 2[edit]

10th century; from Old French i, from Latin hīc (here) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰi-ḱe (this, here)), with meaning influenced by Old French iv (there, thither), itself from Latin ibī. Derivation from the latter poses difficulty from a phonetic standpoint.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
    Il est dans la maison. Il y est.
    He is in the house. He is there.
  2. there, thither (to there)
    Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.
    We are going to Mexico. We are going there.
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
    1. With verbs: see Appendix:French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in legal language.
      personnes y nomméesPersons named there
      procédures y afférentesRelated procedures
      documents y relatifsRelated documents
      eaux y affluentesTributary waters
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Eye dialect spelling of il. or Contraction of il. .

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

y ?

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) They: alternative form of elles

Further reading[edit]


Fula[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /yː/, /y/, /ʏ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈʏpsilɔn/

Letter[edit]

y n (genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

Guaraní[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. water

Derived terms[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of yo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

y

  1. Contraction of yo.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈi]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈipsilon]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called ipszilon and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

As shown in the alphabet below, this letter normally occurs in Hungarian words only as part of four digraphs: gylyny, and ty (with their long counterparts: ggy, lly, nny, tty). Aside from them, the terms containing y defined in an extensive Hungarian monolingual dictionary[1] are baby-doll, baby-sitter, body (bodice), body-building / bodyzik / bodyzó, boy, brandy, citoyen, country​/​countryzene, cowboy​/​cowboyfilm​/​cowboykalap, curry, disc-jockey, doyen, dry, dyn, fair play, háryjános​/​háryjánoskodik, intercity, joystick, play back, playboy, royalista, sherry, spray, whisky, yard, yperit, yuppie, złoty and the letter itself. Additionally, a newer and more comprehensive but as yet incomplete dictionary[2] contains bicsérdysta, byte, copyright, and cowboycsizma. (The forms dandy, gentry, happy end (happy ending), jersey, maya, nylon, and yen are also mentioned as alternative forms in the former volume, but their current standard spelling is dendi, dzsentri, dzsörzé, hepiend, jen, maja, and nejlon.)

Proper names written with y include the country names Guyana, Paraguay, Seychelle-szigetek, and Uruguay and the capital names Conakry, Port Moresby, and Reykjavík. Other names deriving from Latin alphabets are also retained (such as English Calgary, Hollywood, Kentucky, Montgomery, New Jersey, New York, Sydney, Wyoming etc., German Bayreuth, Speyer, Steyr, French Lyon, Mayotte, Nancy, Vichy, and Polish Białystok, Bydgoszcz, Przemyśl). Otherwise, this letter is usually transcribed in country and city names, for example Jemen (Yemen), Malajzia (Malaysia), Nepjida (Naypyidaw), and Rijád (Riyadh).

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative y y-ok
accusative y-t y-okat
dative y-nak y-oknak
instrumental y-nal y-okkal
causal-final y-ért y-okért
translative y-ná y-okká
terminative y-ig y-okig
essive-formal y-ként y-okként
essive-modal
inessive y-ban y-okban
superessive y-on y-okon
adessive y-nál y-oknál
illative y-ba y-okba
sublative y-ra y-okra
allative y-hoz y-okhoz
elative y-ból y-okból
delative y-ról y-okról
ablative y-tól y-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
y-é y-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
y-éi y-okéi
Possessive forms of y
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. y-om y-aim
y-jaim
2nd person sing. y-od y-aid
y-jaid
3rd person sing. y-a
y-ja
y-ai
y-jai
1st person plural y-unk y-aink
y-jaink
2nd person plural y-otok y-aitok
y-jaitok
3rd person plural y-uk
y-juk
y-aik
y-jaik

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 75,000 entries in Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. →ISBN
  2. ^ As of 2021, completed until ELZ. Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)

Further reading[edit]

  • y in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /je/

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

y m or f (invariable)

  1. See under Y

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish y and Portuguese e .

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and

References[edit]

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, →ISBN

Kamayurá[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of

References[edit]

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, →ISBN

Khumi Chin[edit]

Interjection[edit]

y

  1. no

Ladin[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and

Latgalian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ȳ f (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called i ilgoji and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Mandinka[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

See also[edit]


Manx[edit]

Article[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mbyá Guaraní[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. water

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English .

Pronoun[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of I

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English in.

Preposition[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

y

  1. there (in a given place)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 12:
      Or me dictes fist Lancelot, des lettres qui illec sont escriptes, savez vous qui les y fist mettre
      Now tell me, said Lancelot, about these letters that are written here, do you know who put them here?

Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(ː)/.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse úa.

Verb[edit]

y (present tense yr, past tense ydde, past participle ydd/ytt, passive infinitive yast, present participle yande, imperative y)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Old Tupi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. water
  2. river

References[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • i (alternative spelling)

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish y and Portuguese e and Kabuverdianu i.

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Adverb[edit]

y

  1. really, truly

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called igrec or i grec and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʝ/, /i/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɟ͡ʝe/

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Spanish è or e, from Latin et.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • e
  • i (obsolete)

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

y

  1. and
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Es, pues, de saber que este sobredicho hidalgo, los ratos que estaba ocioso —que eran los más del año—, se daba a leer libros de caballerías, con tanta afición y gusto, que olvidó casi de todo punto el ejercicio de la caza y aun la administración de su hacienda; y llegó a tanto su curiosidad y desatino en esto, que vendió muchas hanegas de tierra de sembradura para comprar libros de caballerías en que leer, y, así, llevó a su casa todos cuantos pudo haber dellos.
      You must know, then, that the above-named gentleman whenever he was at leisure (which was mostly all the year round) gave himself up to reading books of chivalry with such ardour and' avidity that he almost entirely neglected the pursuit of his field-sports, and even the management of his property; and to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillageland to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get.
  2. (in names of number) and
    setenta y seisseventy-six
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
    uno y uno son dosone plus one is two
  4. (informal) well
    ¡Y por supuesto!Well, of course!
  5. (informal) what about, how about, where is/are the
    Pero, ¿y el concierto? ¿Ya no vamos?But what about the concert? Are we not going anymore?
    ¿Y la niña? ¿Está a salvo?How about the girl? Is she safe?
    ¿Y los archivos? Debo echarles un vistazo.Where are the files? I should take a look at them.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɯ/, /ɯː/

Letter[edit]

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

y

  1. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
    • 1958, Nguyễn Đổng Chi, "Thạch Sùng còn thiếu mẻ kho hay là Sự tích con mối" (Kho tàng truyện cố tích Việt Nam nr. 36), NXB Văn sử địa
      Hồi đó ở kinh đô có một người em hoàng hậu họ Vương. Y cũng là tay cự phú nổi tiếng tiền rừng biển bạc và xài phí vào bậc nhất.
      At the time, there was in the capital a brother of the queen of the Wáng family. He was also a famous for being immensely rich and was an extravagant spender of first degree.
  2. (formal, derogatory) he/him, that jerk/prick/thug/criminal

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Adverb[edit]

y

  1. (informal) exactly; precisely (like)
    y nhưexactly like/as
    y như thậtso realistic (literally, “exactly like real life”)
    y changvery much like
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Wayampi[edit]

Noun[edit]

y

  1. Alternative form of ɨɨ (water)
    ay'ú.I drink water.

References[edit]

  • Handbook of Amazonian Languages, volume 4 (1998), edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire, Geoffrey K. Pullum

Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel /ə/):
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): ý
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ŷ
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ÿ

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

y f (plural yau)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by w.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter Y.
Mutation[edit]
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
y unchanged unchanged hy
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
Derived terms[edit]
  • Digraph sequences: yw

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Welsh y, yr, from Old Welsh ir, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *sindos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Article[edit]

y (definite) (triggers soft mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the
    y bachgenthe boy
    y ferchthe girl
    y llongthe ship
    y bechgynthe boys
    y merchedthe girls

Etymology 3[edit]

Merger of two formerly distinct particles, ydd and yd.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
    Wyt ti'n meddwl y gall hi ddod?
    Do you think that she can come?
    Mae hi'n gwybod y byddet ti'n gwrando arni hi.
    She knows that you would listen to her.
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
    y dyn y dysgais ei fabthe man whose son I taught
    y ferch y gwrandewais arnithe girl to whom I listened
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause
    • 1620, William Morgan, Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, Genesis 1:1
      Yn y dechreuad y creodd Duw y nefoedd a’r ddaear.
      In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Usage notes[edit]
  • y is almost always omitted in colloquial speech.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
Related terms[edit]
  • bod
  • mai (with fronted element, marked for emphasis)
  • i
  • na (negative)

Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]