al

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

al

  1. (metrology) Symbol for attoliter (attolitre), an SI unit of fluid measure equal to 10−18 liters (litres).

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi आल (āl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

al (usually uncountable, plural als)

  1. The Indian mulberry, Morinda citrifolia, especially as used to make dye.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch al, from Middle Dutch al, from Old Dutch al, from Proto-West Germanic *all.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Adjective[edit]

al (attributive alle, not comparable)

  1. all; every

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even though, although

Asturian[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a el (to the).

Breton[edit]

Article[edit]

al

  1. the

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a el (at the; to the).
    Vaig al zoo.I go to the zoo.

Usage notes[edit]

When el contracts to l' before a vowel, al is not used. For example, Ens veurem a l'aeroport.

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse allr (all).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al (neuter alt, plural alle)

  1. all
  2. any

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch al, from Old Dutch al, from Proto-West Germanic *all.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al
  • Rhymes: -ɑl

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all, all of
    Heb je al het bier opgedronken?Did you drink all the beer?
    Van Gogh produceerde al zijn werk gedurende een periode van slechts tien jaar.Van Gogh produced all of his work during a period of only ten years.
    Alle olie is uit de tanker gelekt.All the oil has leaked out of the tanker.
    Niet alle mensen zijn zo gemeen.Not all people are that mean.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of al
uninflected al
inflected alle
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial
indefinite m./f. sing. alle
n. sing. al
plural alle
definite alle
partitive

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already
    Het is al negen uur.It's 9 o'clock already.
  2. yet
    Heb je al een kip gekocht?Have you bought a chicken yet?

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even
    Al zou ik het willen...Even if I wanted to...
    Synonym: ook al

Anagrams[edit]


Emilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /al/
  • Hyphenation: al

Pronoun[edit]

al (personal)

  1. (nominative case) he
  2. (accusative case) him

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Becomes l- before a vowel.
  • Becomes -el when acting as an enclitic (after a consonant).
  • Becomes -l when acting as an enclitic (after a vowel).

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. to; toward
  2. to (indicates indirect object)
    Ŝi donis la libron al siaj gepatroj.She gave the book to her (own) parents.

Related terms[edit]

  • alaĵo (appendix, addendum)
  • aligi (add, join)
  • aliĝi (join, enroll)

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of French ale, from French aller.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

al

  1. to go
    Synonym: ale

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *ëla (space, area under something, under(neath), the lower (part)). (Spelled *ala in Uralonet.) Originally it was a noun; today it is used in compound words, see al-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. (archaic, rare) lower part of something

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative al alok
accusative alt alokat
dative alnak aloknak
instrumental allal alokkal
causal-final alért alokért
translative allá alokká
terminative alig alokig
essive-formal alként alokként
essive-modal
inessive alban alokban
superessive alon alokon
adessive alnál aloknál
illative alba alokba
sublative alra alokra
allative alhoz alokhoz
elative alból alokból
delative alról alokról
ablative altól aloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alé aloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
aléi alokéi
Possessive forms of al
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alom aljaim
2nd person sing. alod aljaid
3rd person sing. alja aljai
1st person plural alunk aljaink
2nd person plural alotok aljaitok
3rd person plural aljuk aljaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #7 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further reading[edit]

  • al in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • al in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. indefinite accusative/dative singular of alur

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a la (to the).

Usage notes[edit]

This is optional, you can also use a l'...


Ingrian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Postposition[edit]

al (+ genitive)

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 135:
      Aitan al ellää kärppä.
      Under the storehouse lives a stoat.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, 1936, page 135
  • Ruben E. Nirvi, Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, 1971, page 10
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov, Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], 2014, →ISBN, page 33

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a le (to the).

Istriot[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a el (at the).}}
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 40:
      Che mai pioûn biela duon i’iê veisto al mondo,
      That I haven’t ever seen a more beautiful woman in the world,

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a il (to the, at the).

Preposition[edit]

al or allo or all' m (feminine all' or alla)

  1. (cooking, in the singular) with (an ingredient)
    Synonym: con
    risotto al pecorinorice with pecorino cheese
    risotto allo zafferanorice with saffron
    pasta all'agliopasta with garlic

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a l (at/to the).

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ald, northern variant of alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, English old, Dutch oud, West Frisian âld.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

al (masculine alen, neuter aalt, comparative méi al or eeler, superlative am eelsten)

  1. old, aged
    Vun ale Mënsche kann ee villes léieren.There’s a lot to learn from old people.
    Antonym: jonk
  2. (of food) stale
    Dat aalt Brout kënne mer de Vulle ginn.We can give the stale bread to the birds.
    Antonym: frësch

Declension[edit]


Mandinka[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al

  1. you (personal pronoun)

See also[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Verb[edit]

al

  1. Medial form of ale

Michoacán Nahuatl[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. water

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch al, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all, all of

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. completely

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even though, no matter whether

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: al
    • Afrikaans: al
  • Limburgish: al

Further reading[edit]

  • “al (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[4], 2000
  • “al (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[5], 2000
  • “al (V)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[6], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[7], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[8], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page II
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “al (IV)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[9], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page IV

Middle English[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue:
      And smale foweles maken melodye,
      That slepen al the nyght with open eye-
      (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
      And many little birds make melody
      That sleep through all the night with open eye
      (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge.
      And with this he was named, as I believe worthily, an excellent ruly and innocent man in all his living.

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun 1[edit]

al m

  1. side
    Synonyms: alî, la

Noun 2[edit]

al f

  1. flag, banner
    Synonym: ala

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ala (to foster, breed).

Noun[edit]

al n (definite singular alet, indefinite plural al, definite plural ala)

  1. nourishing, fostering
  2. a young (farm) animal that one has bred
  3. breeding

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

al

  1. imperative of ala

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al m sg

  1. Contraction of a lo (to the; at the).

Old Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *all. Cognates include Old High German al and Old Saxon al.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all, every
    • 11th century, Hebban olla vogala:
      Hebban olla vogala nestas hagunnan
      All birds have started to build their nests
  2. whole, entire
    • 10th century, Wachtendonck Psalms:
      An allero erthon fuor luit.
      Over the entire world the sound spread.

Inflection[edit]


Adverb[edit]

al

  1. completely, wholly
    • ca. 1100, Leiden Willeram:
      Sin buch is elphondbeinin, al underskeithet mit saphiris.
      His stomach is of ivory, wholly decorated with sapphires.

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even though
    • ca. 1200, Rhinelandic Rhyming Bible:
      Ire beider sculde waren grozlich, al newæren sie nieht gelich.
      Both their debts were great, even though they weren't equal.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: al
    • Dutch: al
      • Afrikaans: al
    • Limburgish: al

Further reading[edit]

  • “al (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[10], 2012
  • “al (III)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[11], 2012
  • “al (IV)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[12], 2012

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ailą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éydʰ-lom, from *h₂eydʰ- (to burn, kindle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

āl n

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus, “*ailida-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 11

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a le (to the).

Old High German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *all.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all
  2. every, each
  3. whole
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *āl, whence also Old English ǣl, Old Norse áll.

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle High German: āl

References[edit]

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. indefinite accusative/dative singular of alr

Verb[edit]

al

  1. second-person singular active imperative of ala

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all
Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: al, alle
    • German Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ēlaz. Cognate with Old English ǣl, Dutch aal, Old High German āl (German Aal), Old Norse áll (Danish and Swedish ål).

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse áll, from Proto-Germanic *ēlaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Aal.

Noun[edit]

al m anim

  1. (Upper Silesia) eel
    Synonym: węgorz

Further reading[edit]

  • al in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese al, from Vulgar Latin *ale, from Latin aliud, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al

  1. (obsolete) everything, the rest
    Synonym: o resto
  2. (obsolete) other, another
    Synonym: outro

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illum, from ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

al

  1. of (masculine/neuter singular possessive article)
    el este un prieten al meuhe is a friend of mine.
    Coordinate terms: a (feminine singular), ai (masculine plural), ale (feminine/neuter plural)

See also[edit]


Saterland Frisian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a el (at the, to the).

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish al, from Old Norse ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Danish el, Norwegian older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

al c

  1. alder (tree)

Declension[edit]

Declension of al 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative al alen alar alarna
Genitive als alens alars alarnas

Anagrams[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. Latin spelling of ал (al)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آل(al), from Proto-Turkic *āl, *Āl (red, crimson). Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (āl).

Adjective[edit]

al (comparative daha al, superlative en al)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

al (definite accusative alı, plural allar)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative al
Definite accusative alı
Singular Plural
Nominative al allar
Definite accusative alı alları
Dative ala allara
Locative alda allarda
Ablative aldan allardan
Genitive alın alların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular alım allarım
2nd singular alın alların
3rd singular alı alları
1st plural alımız allarımız
2nd plural alınız allarınız
3rd plural alları alları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular alımı allarımı
2nd singular alını allarını
3rd singular alını allarını
1st plural alımızı allarımızı
2nd plural alınızı allarınızı
3rd plural allarını allarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular alıma allarıma
2nd singular alına allarına
3rd singular alına allarına
1st plural alımıza allarımıza
2nd plural alınıza allarınıza
3rd plural allarına allarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular alımda allarımda
2nd singular alında allarında
3rd singular alında allarında
1st plural alımızda allarımızda
2nd plural alınızda allarınızda
3rd plural allarında allarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular alımdan allarımdan
2nd singular alından allarından
3rd singular alından allarından
1st plural alımızdan allarımızdan
2nd plural alınızdan allarınızdan
3rd plural allarından allarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular alımın allarımın
2nd singular alının allarının
3rd singular alının allarının
1st plural alımızın allarımızın
2nd plural alınızın allarınızın
3rd plural allarının allarının

Descendants[edit]

  • Mongolic:
    • Mongolian: ал (al)

See also[edit]

Colors in Turkish · renkler (layout · text)
     beyaz, ak      gri, boz      siyah, kara
             kırmızı, kızıl; al              turuncu; kahverengi, boz              sarı; bej
             limon çürüğü              yeşil             
             camgöbeği; turkuaz              gök, mavi              lacivert
             eflatun; mor              pembe; mor              yavruağzı

References[edit]

  • Tokat, Feyza, “On the Common Words in Mongolian and the Turkish Dialects in Turkey”, in The Journal of International Social Research (Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi)[13], volume 7, issue 32, 2014, ISSN 1307-9581, pages 185-198.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *Āl.

Noun[edit]

al

  1. (dated) trick, trap

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

al

  1. second-person imperative of almak
    Antonym: alma

Venetian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. to the
  2. at the

Article[edit]

al m sg

  1. (Belluno) Alternative form of el

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Related to Finnish alla.

Postposition[edit]

al

  1. under, underneath (stationary location)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I., “под”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[14], Petrozavodsk: Periodika, 2007

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German all and English all.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. each
  2. every

Watubela[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. water

References[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all

Inflection[edit]

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • “al”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[15] (in Dutch), 2011

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Further reading[edit]

  • “al”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[16] (in Dutch), 2011