al

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

al

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the attoliter (attolitre), an SI unit of fluid measure equal to 10−18 liters (litres).

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi आल (āl)

Noun[edit]

al (usually uncountable, plural als)

  1. The Indian mulberry, Morinda citrifolia, especially as used to make dye.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch al.

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Adjective[edit]

al (attributive alle, not comparable)

  1. all; every

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of the preposition a (to) + masculine singular article el (the).

Contraction[edit]

al m

  1. to the

Breton[edit]

Article[edit]

al

  1. the

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a el. At the; to the.
    Vaig al zoo.
    I go to the zoo.

Usage notes[edit]

When el contracts to l' before a vowel, al is not used. For example, Ens veurem a l'aeroport.

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse allr (all).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al (neuter alt, plural alle)

  1. all
  2. any

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *al, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -ɑl
  • IPA(key): /ɑl/
  • (file)

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all, all of
    Heb je al het bier opgedronken?
    Did you drink all the beer?
    Van Gogh produceerde al zijn werk gedurende een periode van slechts tien jaar.
    Van Gogh produced all of his work during a period of only ten years.
    Alle olie is uit de tanker gelekt.
    All the oil has leaked out of the tanker.
    Niet alle mensen zijn zo gemeen.
    Not all people are that mean.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of al
uninflected al
inflected alle
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial
indefinite m./f. sing. alle
n. sing. al
plural alle
definite alle
partitive

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already
    Het is al negen uur.
    It's 9 o'clock already.
  2. yet
    Heb je al een kip gekocht?
    Have you bought a chicken yet?

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even
    Al zou ik het willen...
    Even if I wanted to...

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Emilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /al/
  • Hyphenation: al

Pronoun[edit]

al (personal)

  1. (nominative case) he
  2. (accusative case) him

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Becomes l- before a vowel.
  • Becomes -el when acting as an enclitic (after a consonant).
  • Becomes -l when acting as an enclitic (after a vowel).

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. to; toward
    Li estas sur sia unua pilgrimo al Mekko.
    He is on his first pilgrimage to Mecca.
    Islamanoj preĝas antaŭantaj al Mekko plurfoje ĉiutage.
    Muslims pray facing toward Mecca several times every day.
  2. to (indicates indirect object)
    Ŝi donis la libron al siaj gepatroj.
    She gave the book to her (own) parents.

Related terms[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of French ale, from French aller.

Verb[edit]

al

  1. to go
    Synonym: ale

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. indefinite accusative singular of alur
  2. indefinite dative singular of alur

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a la.

Usage notes[edit]

This is optional, you can also use a l'...


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a le.

Interlingue[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a li.

Istriot[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. Contraction of a (at) + el (the)
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 40:
      Che mai pioûn biela duon i’iê veisto al mondo,
      That I haven’t ever seen a more beautiful woman in the world,

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • a (preposition) +‎ il (article)

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. contraction of a il; to the, at the

Anagrams[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

al m

  1. side

Noun[edit]

al f

  1. flag, banner

Synonyms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

a +‎ l

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. at or to the (+ a masculine singular noun)

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ald, northern variant of alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, English old, Dutch oud, West Frisian âld.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

al (masculine alen, neuter aalt, comparative méi al or eeler, superlative am eelsten)

  1. old, aged
    Vun ale Mënsche kann ee villes léieren.
    There’s a lot to learn from old people.
  2. (of food) stale
    Dat aalt Brout kënne mer de Vulle ginn.
    We can give the stale bread to the birds.

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Mandinka[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al

  1. you (personal pronoun)

See also[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Verb[edit]

al

  1. Medial form of ale

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch al, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all, all of

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. completely

Conjunction[edit]

al

  1. even though, no matter whether

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: al
    • Afrikaans: al
  • Limburgish: al

Further reading[edit]

  • al (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • al (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • al (V)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • al (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • al (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • al (IV)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue:
      And smale foweles maken melodye,
      That slepen al the nyght with open eye-
      (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
      And many little birds make melody
      That sleep through all the night with open eye
      (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. Alternative form of all
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge.
      And with this he was named, as I believe worthily, an excellent ruly and innocent man in all his living.

Novial[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. contraction of a + li

Old Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *allaz (grown-up).

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: al
    • Dutch: al
      • Afrikaans: al
    • Limburgish: al

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ailą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éydʰ-lom, from *h₂eydʰ- (to burn, kindle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

āl n

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ailida-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page *ailida-

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. contraction of a + le (to the)

Old High German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all
  2. every, each
  3. whole
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ēlaz, whence also Old English ǣl, Old Norse áll.

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. all
Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: al, alle
    • German Low German: all

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ēlaz. Cognate with Old English ǣl, Dutch aal, Old High German āl (German Aal), Old Norse áll (Danish and Swedish ål).

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse áll, from Proto-Germanic *ēlaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

āl m

  1. eel

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Aal.

Noun[edit]

al m anim

  1. (Silesia dialectal) eel

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • al in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese al, from Vulgar Latin *ale, from Latin aliud, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

al

  1. (obsolete) everything, the rest
  2. (obsolete) other, another

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illum, from ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

al

  1. of (masculine/neuter singular possessive article)
    el este un prieten al meuhe is a friend of mine.

Related terms[edit]

  • a (feminine singular)
  • ai (masculine plural)
  • ale (feminine/neuter plural)

See also[edit]


Saterland Frisian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

al

  1. (contraction of a el) at the, to the.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish al, from Old Norse ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Danish el, Norwegian older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

al c

  1. alder (tree)

Declension[edit]

Declension of al 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative al alen alar alarna
Genitive als alens alars alarnas

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āl, *Āl (red, crimson). Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (āl). Related to alev and almak.

Adjective[edit]

al (comparative daha al, superlative en al)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

al (definite accusative alı, plural allar)

  1. dark red, blood red, crimson
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative al
Definite accusative alı
Singular Plural
Nominative al allar
Definite accusative alı alları
Dative ala allara
Locative alda allarda
Ablative aldan allardan
Genitive alın alların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular alım allarım
2nd singular alın alların
3rd singular alı alları
1st plural alımız allarımız
2nd plural alınız allarınız
3rd plural alları alları

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Turkish · renkler (layout · text)
     beyaz, ak      gri, boz      siyah, kara      kahverengi, boz
             yavruağzı              kırmızı, kızıl ; kırmızı, al              turuncu              sarı ; bej
             limon çürüğü              yeşil                           camgöbeği ; turkuaz
             gök, mavi              lacivert              eflatun ; mor              pembe ; mor

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *Āl.

Noun[edit]

al

  1. (dated) trick, trap

Etymology 3[edit]

See almak.

Verb[edit]

al

  1. second-person imperative of almak

Verb[edit]

al

  1. second-person negative imperative of almamak
Antonyms[edit]

Venetian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

al

  1. to the
  2. at the

Article[edit]

al m sg

  1. (Belluno) Alternative form of el

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Related to Finnish alla.

Postposition[edit]

al

  1. under, underneath (stationary location)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “под”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German all and English all.

Adjective[edit]

al

  1. each
  2. every

Watubela[edit]

Noun[edit]

al

  1. water

References[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

al

  1. already

Determiner[edit]

al

  1. all