ille

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See also: Ille, 'ille, and -ille

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Pronoun[edit]

ille

  1. he

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin olle ‎(he, that) (also ollus, olla), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ol-no- or *h₂l̥-no-, from *h₂el- ‎(beyond, other). Cognate with Latin uls ‎(beyond), alius ‎(other), alter ‎(the other), Umbrian ulu ‎(to that place), Old Church Slavonic лани ‎(lani, last year, literally in that (year)).

Initial i- from o- has no parallel case and may be due to contamination from is, iste or due to the palatalizing effect of l exilis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ille m ‎(feminine illa, neuter illud)

  1. "That" (referring to a person or thing away from both speaker and listener); he, she, it
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:24
      in illo tempore exauditae sunt preces amborum in conspectu gloriae summi Dei (At that time the prayers of them both were heard in the sight of the glory of the most high God:)
  2. "That (renowned person)" (used to cast the referent in a positive light).
  3. (Medieval Latin, Vulgar Latin) The; used as a definite article.

Declension[edit]

Irregular: similar to first and second declensions but with singular genitives ending in "-īus" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative ille illa illud illī illae illa
genitive illīus illōrum illārum illōrum
dative illī illīs
accusative illum illam illud illōs illās illa
ablative illō illā illō illīs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

As definite article

As personal pronoun

As determiner

As determiner, from *accu (from eccu, from eccum, from ecce eum) + ille

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ille in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ille in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ille in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles summus vir illius aetatis
    • a man of considerable learning for those times: vir ut temporibus illis doctus
    • hence these tears; there's the rub: hinc illae lacrimae (proverb.) (Ter. And. 1. 1. 99; Cael. 25. 61)
    • what will become of him: quid illo fiet?
    • I console myself with..: hoc (illo) solacio me consōlor
    • the memory of this will never fade from my mind: numquam ex animo meo memoria illius rei discedet
    • for a Roman he is decidedly well educated: sunt in illo, ut in homine Romano, multae litterae (De Sen. 4. 12)
    • those views are out of date: illae sententiae evanuerunt
    • those ideas have long ago been given up: illae sententiae iam pridem explosae et eiectae sunt (Fin. 5. 8. 23)
    • Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
    • he possesses sound judgment in matters of taste: elegantia in illo est
    • there is a flavour of Atticism about his discourse: ex illius orationibus ipsae Athenae redolent
    • that Greek proverb contains an excellent lesson: bene illo Graecorum proverbio praecipitur
    • my relations with him are most hospitable: mihi cum illo hospitium est, intercedit
    • the aristocracy (as a party in politics): boni cives, optimi, optimates, also simply boni (opp. improbi); illi, qui optimatium causam agunt
    • this much he said: haec (quidem) ille
    • this passage is obscure: hic (ille) locus obscurus est
    • (ambiguous) I console myself with..: haec (illa) res me consolatur
    • (ambiguous) Plato's ideal republic: illa civitas Platonis commenticia
    • (ambiguous) Plato's ideal republic: illa civitas, quam Plato finxit
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse illa

Adjective[edit]

ille ‎(indeclinable, comparative verre, indefinite superlative verst, definite superlative verste)

  1. bad

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Numeral[edit]

ille ‎(Cyrillic spelling илле)

  1. fifty