tum

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See also: TUM, túm, tùm, tũm, tüm, tụm, -tum, and -tum-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tum (plural tums)

  1. shortened form of tummy

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tóm, accusative of *só. Cf. its feminine form Latin tam, as in tamquam. Cognate with Ancient Greek τότε (tóte).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tum (not comparable)

  1. then, thereupon
    Tum Caecilius in horto sedet.
    Then Caecilius sits in the garden.
  2. at the time, at that time, then
    Qui tum primum allato nuntio de oppugnatione VellaunoduniWho then for the first time being delivered information about the siege of Vellaunodunum
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 11)
    Ea tum cura maxime intentos habebat Romanos, non ab ira tantum, quae in nullam unquam ciuitatem iustior fuit, quam quod urbs tam nobilis ac potens, sicut defectione sua traxerat aliquot populos, ita recepta inclinatura rursus animos uidebatur ad ueteris imperii respectumThis concern in particular troubled the mindful Romans at the time, not so much because of anger, which has never been more justified against any other city, rather because a city so noble and powerful, in the same way that it had attracted the support of a number of communities by its revolt, was thought would again turn attention back towards respect for the previous government once recaptured.
    (Livius, ab urbe condita)
  3. further on
    ...tum silvis scaena coruscis... - Aeneid, Book 1, Line 164

Usage notes[edit]

Often coupled with cum

  1. Such that "tum x, cum y" = "then x, when y"
  2. "cum x tum y"="not only x but also y"

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • tum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • at the same moment that, precisely when: eo ipso tempore, cum; tum ipsum, cum
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, quo nemo tum fuit clarior
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • I was ten years old at the time: tum habebam decem annos
    • to be sound asleep: sopītum esse
    • to talk of a subject which was then the common topic of conversation: in eum sermonem incidere, qui tum fere multis erat in ore
    • a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tum

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of tome (empty)

Norn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þumi, from Proto-Germanic *þūmô.

Noun[edit]

tum

  1. thumb

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tummaid (dips, plunges, immerses).

Verb[edit]

tum (past thum, future tumaidh, verbal noun tumadh, past participle tumta)

  1. plunge, immerse, dip, duck, steep

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

tum c

  1. inch; a measure of length

Usage notes[edit]

At least three different lengths can be intended: before 1855 it corresponded to 24.74 mm (also known as verktum); between 1855 and 1889 it was 29.69 mm (decimaltum). Today it mainly refers to imperial inches (engelsk tum), i.e. 25.40 mm.

Declension[edit]

Declension of tum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tum tummen tum tummen
Genitive tums tummens tums tummens

Related terms[edit]


Tabasco Zoque[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tum

  1. one

References[edit]

  • A. G. de León G., El ayapaneco: una variante del zoqueano en Ja Chontalpa tabasquena [The Ayapaneco dialect: a variant of the Zoque language in the Chontalpa region of Tabasco]

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From tumu, with word-final vowel deletion.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tum

  1. Alternative form of tumu (to dive, leap down from)

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tum (𡉾)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Volapük[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tum

  1. hundred

Usage notes[edit]

This word must be preceded by a numeral for a single-digit number, so "one hundred" is expressed in Volapük as "baltum."

Derived terms[edit]